This experience is optimized for Internet Explorer version 9 and above.

Please upgrade your browser

Send the Gift of Lifelong Learning!

Age of Henry VIII

Age of Henry VIII

Professor Dale Hoak, Ph.D.
The College of William and Mary

Gifting Information


To send your gift, please complete the form below. An email will be sent immediately to notify the recipient of your gift and provide them with instructions to redeem it.

  • 500 characters remaining.

Frequently Asked Questions

With an eGift, you can instantly send a Great Course to a friend or loved one via email. It's simple:
1. Find the course you would like to eGift.
2. Under "Choose a Format", click on Video Download or Audio Download.
3. Click 'Send e-Gift'
4. Fill out the details on the next page. You will need to the email address of your friend or family member.
5. Proceed with the checkout process as usual.
Q: Why do I need to specify the email of the recipient?
A: We will send that person an email to notify them of your gift. If they are already a customer, they will be able to add the gift to their My Digital Library and mobile apps. If they are not yet a customer, we will help them set up a new account so they can enjoy their course in their My Digital Library or via our free mobile apps.
Q: How will my friend or family member know they have a gift?
A: They will receive an email from The Great Courses notifying them of your eGift. The email will direct them to If they are already a customer, they will be able to add the gift to their My Digital Library and mobile apps. If they are not yet a customer, we will help them set up a new account so they can enjoy their course in their My Digital Library or via our free mobile apps.
Q: What if my friend or family member does not receive the email?
A: If the email notification is missing, first check your Spam folder. Depending on your email provider, it may have mistakenly been flagged as spam. If it is not found, please email customer service at ( or call 1-800-832-2412 for assistance.
Q: How will I know they have received my eGift?
A: When the recipient clicks on their email and redeems their eGift, you will automatically receive an email notification.
Q: What if I do not receive the notification that the eGift has been redeemed?
A: If the email notification is missing, first check your Spam folder. Depending on your email provider, it may have mistakenly been flagged as spam. If it is not found, please email customer service at ( or call customer service at 1-800-832-2412 for assistance.
Q: I don't want to send downloads. How do I gift DVDs or CDs?
A: eGifting only covers digital products. To purchase a DVD or CD version of a course and mail it to a friend, please call customer service at 1-800-832-2412 for assistance. Physical gifting can still be achieved online – can we describe that here and not point folks to call?
Q: Oops! The recipient already owns the course I gifted. What now?
A: Great minds think alike! We can exchange the eGifted course for another course of equal value. Please call customer service at 1-800-832-2412 for assistance.
Q: Can I update or change my email address?
A: Yes, you can. Go to My Account to change your email address.
Q: Can I select a date in the future to send my eGift?
A: Sorry, this feature is not available yet. We are working on adding it in the future.
Q: What if the email associated with eGift is not for my regular Great Course account?
A: Please please email customer service at ( or call our customer service team at 1-800-832-2412 for assistance. They have the ability to update the email address so you can put in your correct account.
Q: When purchasing a gift for someone, why do I have to create an account?
A: This is done for two reasons. One is so you can track the purchase of the order in your ‘order history’ section as well as being able to let our customer service team track your purchase and the person who received it if the need arises.
Q: Can I return or Exchange a gift after I purchase it?
A: Because the gift is sent immediately, it cannot be returned or exchanged by the person giving the gift. The recipient can exchange the gift for another course of equal or lesser value, or pay the difference on a more expensive item
Video title

Priority Code


Age of Henry VIII

Course No. 8467
Professor Dale Hoak, Ph.D.
The College of William and Mary
Share This Course
Course No. 8467
  • Audio or Video?
  • You should buy audio if you would enjoy the convenience of experiencing this course while driving, exercising, etc. While the video does contain visual elements, the professor presents the material in an engaging and clear manner, so the visuals are not necessary to understand the concepts. Additionally, the audio audience may refer to the accompanying course guidebook for names, works, and examples that are cited throughout the course.
  • You should buy video if you prefer learning visually and wish to take advantage of the visual elements featured in this course. The video version is not heavily illustrated, featuring around 100 portraits and illuminations. Portraits featured in this course include those of Henry VIII's wives, as well as the king's most trusted and then distrusted advisors (such as Thomas More and Thomas Cromwell). There are also historical illuminations that take you back to the days of Henry VIII's court and illustrate how daily life was lived and felt by the nobles, the clergy, and everyday men and women. There are on-screen spellings and definitions to help reinforce material for visual learners.
Streaming Included Free

Course Overview

Henry VIII (r. 1509–47) ruled an island kingdom about the size of Pennsylvania inhabited by fewer than 3 million people nearly 500 years ago, and yet he remains instantly recognizable to this day, his barrel-chested and bejeweled figure immortalized by the brush of Hans Holbein the Younger. Meet England's most famous monarch, who provokes questions such as:

  • What is greatness?
  • How should we judge character?
  • Who or what can be said to "make" or cause history?

A Famous Face ... but Why?

So what accounts for Henry's astonishingly familiar image? Is it because he employed a brilliant portraitist? Or is there more to the story?

This king, as one of his recent biographers has noted, "changed the heart, mind, and face of Britain more than anything between the coming of the Normans and the coming of the factory," not least by giving Protestantism its powerful purchase in the English-speaking world. And given Britain's later significance in world history—made possible in part by Henry himself—he must be accounted a towering figure of history.

Four Standout Features

Four accomplishments highlight this lecture series by Professor Dale Hoak:

The first is Professor Hoak's cutting-edge expertise. His interpretation of British history is often different from the traditional approach, thanks to his pursuit of the latest scholarly research.

The second is Professor Hoak's extraordinary personal command of the relevant primary sources, including documents such as the inventory of Henry's vast possessions made shortly after his death. No purely popular treatment will offer you this level of sustained, expert insight.

The third is the way Professor Hoak discusses Henry not only as a figure who commands our interest on his own terms, but as someone whose life and actions raise larger philosophical questions about what history is and how it is "made."

The fourth is Professor Hoak's shrewd discussion of Henry's personal wealth, including his properties, accoutrements, and art collection—Henry was a deliberately grand patron of the arts—as windows on the mind and heart of this king and his age.

Professor Hoak explores these thought-provoking issues in a way that arises naturally, even gracefully, out of the story that he himself tells from the primary sources.

About Those Wives

Who could forget that Henry had six wives? Each was a figure of drama and interest in her own right. One was a giddy, sexy teenager; another was a sharp political player who became the first queen of England to publish a book. One made Henry court her for seven years and had her coronation turned into the largest spectacle ever staged by the ceremony-loving Tudor dynasty; another Henry married sight unseen and then hastily rejected, ranting, "I like her not!" Still another became a member of the truly tiny club of people who upbraided Royal Henry to his face (publicly!) and lived to tell about it.

You'll learn the story of each of these remarkable women in detail (including the only one—do you know who she is?—to be buried next to Henry at Windsor Castle). Around two of these women, Katherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn, swirled the royal divorce case that supposedly led to Henry's fateful quarrel with the pope. But did that famous quarrel really "cause" the English Reformation? Professor Hoak's answer might surprise you.

A Royal Revolutionary

How historically accurate are impressions that we take away from plays and films and Holbein portraits? Do they bring us any closer to the "real" Henry, the crowned revolutionary who wrenched history out of one course and into another by claiming "imperial" kingship (and with it, in effect, the sovereignty of the modern state and its laws), and then by bringing most of the English-speaking world into the Protestant camp during the early decades of the Reformation?

With these lectures by an historian who is intimately familiar with the actual documentary record, you can round out your own personal portrait of the Henry who comes to life in Shakespeare's words and in brilliant portrayals by Charles Laughton, Richard Burton, and Robert Shaw.

A Few Specifics

Here is a short list of facts from these engaging lectures:

  • What Henry did with the fabulous wealth that he gained from his seizure and dissolution of England's monasteries—there were more than 800, and the takeover involved fully one-quarter of the best land in all England
  • Why a law that Henry put through Parliament in 1533 (Act of Appeals) is more important to the history of constitutional development in the English-speaking world than even Magna Carta, and how Henry became an early (if unwilling) sponsor of free speech
  • How Henry's reaction to a sensational 1514 London murder case prefigured a break with Rome decades later
  • What it would have been like to visit Henry at court and see the king in the midst of both his business and his many and extravagant amusements.

The Real Henry

The Henry VIII who emerges from these lectures is a man of both great charm and terrifying, self-pitying ferocity (which predominates is for you to decide). And his limits are all too apparent. He harbored ruthless, vaulting ambitions and spun grand schemes, yet in the end was shadowed by the deep historical irony of expectations gone strangely awry.

The eighth Henry was a Renaissance prince but also in many ways a backward-looking man obsessed by medieval chivalry, a king who became an agent of the future—England's and the world's. He was an athlete who surrendered to self-indulgence. He was a romantic who is remembered for his failed marriages and his cruelty toward at least four of his six wives.

He combined exquisite taste and aesthetic sensibility (he was a superb singer) with a vulgar acquisitiveness. He was a trained theologian with a tender conscience who turned on the church for none-too-lofty reasons. He recruited awesomely talented advisors to help him with his plans, only to destroy the greatest of them.

Henry's reign contributed an important legacy to British history and the modern world: the revolutionary effect of the Act of Appeals was to make law itself, or the king-in-Parliament, the supreme authority. Parliamentary law became the basis of the new constitutional monarchy; the tax schemes of Henry's lord chancellor, Wolsey, would presage the beginning of modern bureaucracy; and Henry's navy was the first standing military force in his day.

With these achievements, Henry was a despot who became an accidental great-grandfather of English-speaking democracy. He built, as they say, "other than he knew." We might also say he built better than he knew. But what standards would Henry and his contemporaries have applied to judge such actions and achievements? In assessing Henry and his reign, should we prefer our own standards to theirs? Why?

Henry was a willing history-maker. But history is driven by patterns of causation that include, and yet are not exhausted by, human desires, even the desires of "great" men and women.

More than just the story of a larger-than-life figure with feet of proverbial clay—compelling as that story is—this series offers an invitation to reflect on these patterns of causation and the fascinating ironies they suggest.

Hide Full Description
24 lectures
 |  30 minutes each
Year Released: 2003
  • 1
    Henry VIII—Kingship and Revolution
    Henry VIII was England's first Renaissance ruler: dynamic, brilliant, and charming, but also willful, ferocious, and dangerous. Hans Holbein's famous portrait offers us a good place to start getting our arms around the paradoxes of this revolutionary monarch. x
  • 2
    The Wars of the Roses and Henry VII
    The Wars of the Roses, more a series of baronial feuds than the devastating internecine strife that some have imagined, provide the crucial backdrop to understanding the Tudor dynasty's rise. x
  • 3
    Majesty and Regality—The Cult of Monarchy
    By emphasizing the majesty of English monarchy in new ways, Henry VII, the tough, shrewd, first Tudor king and father of Henry VIII (but not the cold miser of legend), effectively created a sacred cult of "imperial" kingship. x
  • 4
    Chivalry and War—The Accession of Henry VIII
    Widely hailed as a learned dynamo when he took the throne in 1509, Henry VIII saw himself in chivalric terms, an honorable crusader who would regain the French crown. From 1512 on his wars drained his treasury, causing him to envy Church wealth. x
  • 5
    King and Cardinal—England Under Wolsey
    The planner of Henry's first French war (1512-14) was the brilliant cleric Thomas Cardinal Wolsey. English rule of the occupied parts of France became a test case for Henrician "imperial kingship." Wolsey rose vertiginously in both church and state offices. x
  • 6
    Magnificence, War, and Diplomacy, 1519-29
    Henry and Wolsey engaged in much war and diplomacy, but did they pursue a "foreign policy"? Opportunism ruled all, and players of this game risked losing honor and office. x
  • 7
    Anne Boleyn and the King's "Great Matter"
    Henry's divorce from his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, played itself out at a troubled crossroads where sex, religion, law, dynastic politics, and sheer stubbornness (Henry's mostly) met and intertwined in sometimes-bewildering ways. x
  • 8
    King, Church, and Clergy
    Henry had inherited an England in which the Church had its own law courts with jurisdictions that overlapped those of the royal courts. The divorce case highlighted the resulting jurisdictional tension. x
  • 9
    Church and People—Heresy and Popular Religion
    Was the English Reformation only a "top-down" event? To what extent did Henry and his Parliament tap lay anger at overweening clerics? What was the nature of religious faith and practice on the eve of Henry's Reformation? x
  • 10
    Rex Est Imperator—The Break With Rome
    The years 1527-34 marked the resolution of Henry's divorce case and his break with Rome—each had its own causes but was buttressed and rationalized by secret research of Henry's legal team. From this came the modern doctrine of state sovereignty. x
  • 11
    Parliament, Law, and the Nation
    When he launched his Reformation, Henry did not resort to his own decrees—royal proclamations—but instead used Parliament to secure statutes recognizing him as head of the Church in England. Why did he choose this path and its consequences? x
  • 12
    The Trial and Execution of Thomas More
    Why was the "man for all seasons" put on trial for his life, how did he understand his own actions, and for which principle did he die? Learn what the real record reveals about the Thomas More not of legend or film, but of history. x
  • 13
    Humanism and Piety
    To humanists such as Thomas More, the Renaissance was not just about acquiring Greco-Roman culture or reforming school curricula. They hoped that spirituality of learned laymen would point the way to peace and justice. x
  • 14
    Wealth, Class, and Status
    Though not a nobleman, Thomas More was one of the richest men in England. Precisely where in Tudor society did he and those like him fit? Hans Holbein's masterful portrait of More and his family provides important visual evidence. x
  • 15
    More's Utopia
    More's clever, enigmatic Utopia, a masterpiece of world literature, addressed the most pressing moral and political issues of the day, and one which touched More's own life and career. x
  • 16
    The Dissolution of the Monasteries
    Acting on falsified charges of monastic vice and corruption, Henry seized more than 800 friaries and nunneries between 1536 and 1540. He sold much of the confiscated wealth to pay for yet more war. Such sales also made him rich. x
  • 17
    Rebellion—The Pilgrimage of Grace
    In 1536 in several northern counties the dissolution sparked the largest mass revolt in English history. The rebellion drew in all classes in defense of what we might call regional autonomy. How did the revolt end and what were its long-term consequences? x
  • 18
    A Renaissance Court
    Henry's wealth and education made his court a magnet for the greatest European artists. This lecture describes the structure, pastimes, and rituals of the court, showing how the king sought to make his household a display of royal magnificence. x
  • 19
    Queen Anne Boleyn
    Foreigners hailed Queen Anne as a paragon of spirituality and artistic taste. An intelligent, strong-willed woman, she helped make the English Reformation. But her inability to give Henry a son helped to doom the mother of the future Elizabeth I. x
  • 20
    Two Queens—Jane Seymour and Anne of Cleves
    Henry's top aide, Thomas Cromwell, used Jane to destroy Anne Boleyn and his enemies at court. But Jane's death set in motion events which eventually cost Cromwell his life, for he persuaded the king to marry Anne of Cleves, whom Henry found loathsome. x
  • 21
    Politics, Sex, and Religion—Catherine Howard
    With the fall of the evangelical Cromwell, a religiously conservative court faction saw an opening and drew Henry's eye to the flirtatious teenager, Catherine Howard. But sexual indiscretions soon cost Catherine her head and wrecked her sponsors' hopes. x
  • 22
    Queen Katherine Parr
    The sixth and last wife of the now bloated and ailing Henry was the sister of one of his evangelical councilors. Katherine managed her husband masterfully; a fervent evangelical herself, she also supervised the education of his daughter Elizabeth and her half-brother Edward—both future monarchs. x
  • 23
    Endgame—Politics and War, 1542-47
    Still obsessed with kingly honor, an aging Henry invaded Scotland and France at ruinous expense, pressing a novel doctrine of royal "necessity" to make Parliament levy more taxes. The making of his will in December 1546 constitutes one of the great forensic puzzles of English history—a riddle this lecture resolves x
  • 24
    Retrospect—Henry VIII: The King and His Age
    Studying the reign of Henry VIII raises important questions of how we should assess the legacy of such an imposing historical figure. By what criteria—by whose criteria—should we judge? x

Lecture Titles

Clone Content from Your Professor tab

What's Included

What Does Each Format Include?

Video DVD
Video Download Includes:
  • Ability to download 24 video lectures from your digital library
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE video streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
Video DVD
Audio Download Includes:
  • Ability to download 24 audio lectures from your digital library
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE audio streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
Video DVD
DVD Includes:
  • 24 lectures on 4 DVDs
  • 160-page printed course guidebook
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE video streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
Video DVD
CD Includes:
  • 24 lectures on 12 CDs
  • 160-page printed course guidebook
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE audio streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps

What Does The Course Guidebook Include?

Video DVD
Course Guidebook Details:
  • 160-page printed course guidebook
  • Suggested readings
  • Questions to consider
  • Timeline

Enjoy This Course On-the-Go with Our Mobile Apps!*

  • App store App store iPhone + iPad
  • Google Play Google Play Android Devices
  • Kindle Fire Kindle Fire Kindle Fire Tablet + Firephone
*Courses can be streamed from anywhere you have an internet connection. Standard carrier data rates may apply in areas that do not have wifi connections pursuant to your carrier contract.

Your professor

Dale Hoak

About Your Professor

Dale Hoak, Ph.D.
The College of William and Mary
Dr. Dale Hoak is Professor Emeritus of History at The College of William and Mary in Virginia. He earned his bachelor's degree from the College of Wooster, his master's degree from the University of Pittsburgh, and his doctorate from Clare College, University of Cambridge. Dr. Hoak received the prestigious Outstanding Faculty Award from the Commonwealth of Virginia, awarded by the State Council of Higher Education for...
Learn More About This Professor
Also By This Professor


Rated 4 out of 5 by 49 reviewers.
Rated 4 out of 5 by Not Really an "Introductory" Course I actually got this course at the library in the DVD version. I love history and English history in particular. I have read extensively on this subject and have watched most of the Great Courses productions that are about English history. I read with interest many of the comments from other reviewers about this class. Here are my thoughts: First of all, note that this course was produced in 2003. The production quality shows the age, although it is not bad. Several of the other reviewers remarked about the fact that the Professor looks toward his in-studio "audience", rather than into the camera. This is totally true, and it was distracting at first, but I got used to it. I did not find this Professor as "dry" as some others seemed to. I enjoyed his "digressions" as they were often about some little-known piece of information that was actually fascinating. The best analysis I can give to help someone else decide about this course would be to say that it is not really an "introductory" course. The first couple of lectures do review the events that led up to Henry VIII's coronation, but from there on, this is an extremely narrowly focused and very detailed course. I think that someone who has some knowledge of the players and the events of Henry VIII's reign will enjoy this more than someone who has not had the opportunity to learn about the people and events before now. I enjoyed the detail - some of the information was not information I have heard in other Great Courses programs and has been glossed over in many books on this subject. I found the lecture based on More's "Utopia" very interesting, as were many of the other lectures around the sociology of the court of Henry VIII and the people of his time. Professor Hoak also does an excellent job of giving us a rich and lively picture of the characters on this stage - from Henry VII and other actors in his generation through Henry VIII and his contemporaries, including his queens and office holders. The unique status of Wolsey was well defined and the discussion of the part the Reformation played in Henry VIII's life and decisions was also well done. "The Great Matter" is discussed with clarity and insight. The course suffers from a lack of visuals. There are pictures of the portraits of most of the people he discusses, but that's about it. (Although I must say that there was a picture of a portrait of Katherine of Aragon as a young woman that I had never seen before and it was stunning!) It would have been nice, though, if he could have had some pictures of the inside of Westminster Abbey showing some of the tombs, or of other places relevant to the discussion. I'm sure there are pictures of these places that are in the public domain or available just for the the request of permission to use them. So if you already know the basics about the reign of Henry VIII and are looking for a more detailed discussion of the people and the times, this is a good course for you. If you want an overview of English history or of the Tudor era, there are other courses available (see my recommendations below) that you would probably enjoy more. September 21, 2015
Rated 5 out of 5 by Only One Comment The prof didn't look into the camera, sort of looked sideways, I guess at the audience. I got used to it but it was different than other courses I have watched. But the material was good and so was the course. May 4, 2015
Rated 4 out of 5 by ...well, maybe 3.5 Audio download. I have to begin by complimenting the many fine reviewers (on TGC) who show such a high degree of insight and was on the basis of many of these reviews that I purchased the course (and yes it was on sale, with a coupon). Kudos to you all. Prior to listening the Dr Hoak's lectures my awareness of Henry VIII and the Tudor 'dynasty' was little better than that Peter Noone ditty of the 1960's or that Tudor might refer to an option to consider when buying a new car. What I learned was astounding! Dr Hoak presented a well-structured course that attempted to connect Henry's actions within the context of the times, early 16th century. Characters that I only vaguely recognized were weaved (woven?) into a tapestry of intrigue, deception and lust that are headed by Henry himself. Wolsey, Cromwell (no, the other Cromwell), More, Tyndale and Cranmer...not to mention the wives. What a fascinating lot! And the supporting cast of Charles V, Francis I, Erasmus, a pope or two and Holbein, all made for a busy time surfing the web for more information about each and every one of these guys. For the potential buyer of this course, beware that the lecturer's style is not really all that pleasant, but the material is first made me want to learn more about the lives of those incredible people who shaped the history of England. In the end, isn't that why listen to these lectures? Recommend...but wait for a deal. November 25, 2014
Rated 5 out of 5 by Met my expectations I agree with the reviewer who says that this course is quite a bit of "Henry" and not as much his "Age", but I did not find that off-putting. I thought the professor did a decent job of bringing to life the other personalities of the era, and in describing the complicated politics. It all came back to Henry, but it is hard to present the course otherwise when there is such a larger-than-life figure looming in the background. If you already possess an in-depth knowledge of Henry and his era, there won't be much new here. Even so, I found it interesting to listen to the professor's take on Henry's life, so I thought it was worth it. June 2, 2014
  • 2015-11-23 T09:55:44.591-06:00
  • bvseo_lps, prod_bvrr, vn_prr_5.6
  • cp-1, bvpage1
  • co_hasreviews, tv_49, tr_49
  • loc_en_US, sid_8467, prod, sort_default
2 3 next>>

Questions & Answers