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America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Professor Edward T. O'Donnell, Ph.D.
College of the Holy Cross

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America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era

Course No. 8535
Professor Edward T. O'Donnell, Ph.D.
College of the Holy Cross
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4.5 out of 5
42 Reviews
88% of reviewers would recommend this series
Course No. 8535
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What Will You Learn?

  • Meet some of the important figures from America's progressive era, including Roosevelt and Carnegie.
  • Look at the cities, technology, and progression of thought that led to a modern culture defined through the Gilded Age.
  • See the explosion of the Suffrage movement and the battle to win the women's right to vote.

Course Overview

America stands at a dramatic crossroads:

  • Massive banks and corporations wield disturbing power.
  • The huge income gap between the 1% and the other 99% grows visibly wider.
  • Astounding new technologies are changing American lives.
  • Conflicts over U.S. military interventionism, the environment, and immigration dominate public debate.

Sound familiar? You might be surprised to know that these headlines were ripped, not from today’s newspaper, but from newspapers over 100 years ago. These and other issues that characterize the early 21st century were also the hallmarks of the transformative periods known as the Gilded Age (1865-1900) and the Progressive Era (1900-1920).

Welcome to one of the most colorful, tumultuous, raucous, and profoundly pivotal epochs in American history. Stretching from the end of the Civil War in 1865 to roughly 1920, this extraordinary time was not only an era of vast and sweeping change—it saw the birth of the United States as we and the world at large now know it.

Before the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, America was a developing nation, with a largely agrarian economy; sharp divisions between North, South, and West; and virtually no role in global affairs. Yet by 1900, within an astonishing 35 years, the U.S. had emerged as the world’s greatest industrial power.

During the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, the U.S. went from “leading by example” and maintaining an isolationist foreign policy to become a major participant in international events, showing itself as a nascent superpower in the Spanish-American War and World War I.

Numerous other events came together during these same periods to create the U.S. that we know now. In a time rife with staggering excess, social unrest, and strident calls for reform, these remarkable events characterized the Gilded Age and Progressive Era:

  • Industrialization directly gave rise to a huge American middle class.
  • New and voluminous waves of immigration added new material to the “melting pot” of U.S. society.
  • A mainly agrarian population became an urban one, witnessing the rise of huge cities.
  • The phenomenon of big business led to the formation of labor unions and the adoption of consumer protections.
  • Electricity, cars, and other technologies forever changed the landscape of American life.

To delve into the catalytic events of these times is to see, with crystal clarity, how the U.S. went from what we now might consider Third World status in the mid-19th century to become the major power it is today. Knowledge of these pivotal eras also provides insightful perspectives on conflicts that dominate our contemporary headlines—from fears surrounding immigration and income inequality to concern for the fate of the environment—and how they were meaningfully addressed in past times.

Now, in the 24 lectures of America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Professor Edward T. O’Donnell of the College of the Holy Cross leads you in a sprawling, multifaceted journey through this uproarious epoch. In taking the measure of six dramatically innovative decades, you’ll investigate the economic, political, and social upheavals that marked these years, as well as the details of daily life and the critical cultural thinking of the times. In the process, you’ll meet robber barons, industrialists, socialites, crusading reformers, inventors, conservationists, women’s suffragists, civil rights activists, and passionate progressives, who together forged a new United States. These engrossing lectures provide a stunning and illuminating portrait of a nation-changing era.

A Republic Transforms

In Professor O’Donnell’s description, “The Gilded Age’s amazing innovation and wealth created the conditions—and mobilized the masses—for the Progressive Era’s social reforms.” Across the span of the lectures, you’ll witness this historical progression through subject matter such as:

  • The Industrial Age and the Rise of Big Business: Follow America’s epic industrial ascent in the 19th century, the emergence of vast corporations and trusts, the making of industrial magnates such as John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie, and the transformation of the nation into a consumer society.
  • Revolutionary Technologies and Social Culture: Grasp how steel, electrical power, mass transportation, and recorded sound radically changed American life. Learn about the conspicuous excesses of the new super rich, the lifestyles of the exploding middle class, and the phenomena of American music, spectator sports, and stage entertainment.
  • The Dark Side of Progress: Take account of the devastating social problems that followed advances in industry and technology: extreme income inequality and poverty, graft and political corruption, severe exploitation of industrial workers, rampant labor violence, and the ills of urban crime, squalor, and disease.
  • The Crusade for Rights: Observe how the clash of progress and poverty spurred far-reaching efforts to secure legal rights for the disenfranchised. Study historic activism for workers’ rights, women’s rights, children’s rights, and the rights of consumers, and uncover the early and often overlooked struggle for African–Americans’ civil rights.
  • The New American Woman: Track significant changes in the lives of American women, such as major increases in women in the workforce, new public roles for women, the dynamic presence of women in reform initiatives, and the remarkable story of the women’s suffrage movement.
  • The Many Faces of Reform: Study the astonishing spectrum of reform movements that defined the Progressive Era, encompassing:
  • the dramatic unfolding of labor organizing, labor/capital conflict, and reform;
  • urban reforms, from regulation of deplorable tenements to sanitation and social work;
  • historic political reforms, from the ballot initiative to the civil service system;
  • the “busting” of powerful trusts and banking conglomerates; and
  • the conservation of wilderness and the world’s first national parks.

A Fascinating Window on Momentous Times

In his teaching, Professor O’Donnell demonstrates an extraordinarily comprehensive and penetrating knowledge of the eras in question, together with a flair for bringing the human realities of the times alive through powerful storytelling. Among numerous impactful episodes, you’ll witness the monumental moment in 1880 when electric arc lighting first lit American streets, causing men to fall on their knees before what seemed to be “lightning brought down from the heavens.” You’ll relive the events of the heartrending Bread and Roses strike of 1912, the wealth-flaunting gaudiness of Mrs. Vanderbilt’s ball of 1883 (which cost six million dollars in today’s currency), and the storm of suffragist picketers who besieged the White House in 1917.

And you’ll encounter great personalities, whose vision and dynamism symbolized and transformed the temper of their times. In addition to luminaries such as Henry Ford and Thomas Edison, you’ll meet the likes of saloon-busting reformer Carrie Nation, African-American rights activist Ida B. Wells, muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens, suffragist leader Elizabeth Cady Stanton, environmentalist John Muir, and Theodore Roosevelt, whose accomplishments in conservation and economic regulation made him one of the greatest reformers of the times.

In America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, you’ll contemplate profound shifts in American society that marked what is arguably the most significant period of change in our history. These compelling lectures vividly reveal the thinking, the struggles, the conquests, and the triumphs that made the United States the global force it is today.

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24 lectures
 |  30 minutes each
  • 1
    1865: "Bind Up the Nation's Wounds"
    Begin to investigate the key historical forces that characterized the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era, and the competing ideals that defined these eras. As a starting point, take account of the U.S. in 1865, and the extraordinary social, political, and economic changes unleashed by the devastation of the Civil War. x
  • 2
    The Reconstruction Revolution
    The era of Reconstruction following the Civil War was a turbulent and divisive period in American life. Learn about governmental policies and legislation that were enacted to safeguard the welfare of former slaves and average citizens, and how these policies were then progressively dismantled, ultimately returning the South to white-dominated rule. x
  • 3
    Buffalo Bill Cody and the Myth of the West
    Examine the complex and fascinating story of the conquest of the American West. First, assess key myths surrounding the West and how it was settled. Explore the motives and realities of westward migration, the components of the western economy, and the conflicts with Native Americans that led to violence and tragedy. x
  • 4
    Smokestack Nation: The Industrial Titans
    Trace the process by which the U.S. rose from developing nation status in 1865 to become the world's greatest industrial power by 1900. Study the unfolding of the American industrial revolution; the advent of big business in the railroad, steel, and oil industries; and the concurrent explosion of consumerism and advertising. x
  • 5
    Andrew Carnegie: The Self-Made Ideal
    This lecture examines the notion of the "self-made man" as it pervaded Gilded Age America. Investigate why this idea took on unprecedented popularity in the 19th century, how it was strongly promoted by figures from Horatio Alger to Andrew Carnegie, and explore how the ideal became entwined with social Darwinism. x
  • 6
    Big Business: Democracy for Sale?
    In the late Gilded Age there was wide agreement that troubling trends threatened the young republic. Explore rising public anxiety over the power of big business and the era's economic inequality, governmental corruption, and violent conflict between labor and capital. Take account of how business leaders responded to critics and reformers. x
  • 7
    The New Immigrants: A New America
    Here, learn how widespread immigration during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era transformed U.S. society. Delve into the diverse factors underlying immigration, and the perceived threats and social problems posed by immigrants. Observe how society at large reacted to the influx, and grasp the ways in which immigrants fundamentally changed the nation. x
  • 8
    Big Cities: The Underbelly Revealed
    The huge growth of cities was a hallmark of the Gilded Age. Study the forces leading to massive urbanization, such as industrialization, migration and immigration, and revolutionary technologies. Then track the serious social problems that resulted, from crime and disease to political corruption, which spurred intense scrutiny from reformers. x
  • 9
    Popular Culture: Jazz, Modern Art, Movies
    Take a wide-ranging look at the transformation of American art and entertainment during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. Chart the accomplishments of the Ashcan School of painting and realist fiction. Witness the birth of ragtime, blues, and jazz, and the rise of spectator sports, stage entertainment, and the new medium of film. x
  • 10
    New Technology: Cars, Electricity, Records
    Technological changes in late 19th-century America radically changed the country and the world. Track the evolution of electrical power, and the impact of both electric lighting and electrified machinery. Grasp the economic and social changes brought about by the automobile and the cultural effects of recorded music as big business. x
  • 11
    The 1892 Homestead Strike
    Travel into the world of American workers, and view the poignant social problems that accompanied industrialization. Learn how technological changes in industry affected living conditions for workers, and follow the rise of labor movements, violent strikes, and intense conflict between labor unions and management. x
  • 12
    Morals and Manners: Middle-Class Society
    Discover how the American middle class was a direct product of industrialization and the new employment categories it created. Investigate the key features of the new middle class lifestyle, encompassing suburban living, consumption, and leisure. Also identify defining middle-class values, from respectability and manners to personal hygiene and the "cult of domesticity." x
  • 13
    Mrs. Vanderbilt's Gala Ball
    Take the measure of the new breed of multimillionaire industrialists that emerged in the Gilded Age as a visible public presence. Contrast the earlier American mindset of republican simplicity with the new rich who displayed and flaunted their wealth through vast estates and European-style aristocratic living. x
  • 14
    Populist Revolt: The Grangers and Coxey
    Follow the dramatic rise of the Populist movement, which aimed to address broad economic suffering. In particular, study the phenomenon of the People's Party, a political party that demanded major governmental changes to curb injustice and oppression, lighting a fire that lived on in the reforms of the Progressive Era. x
  • 15
    Rough Riders and the Imperial Dream
    Delve into the complex process by which the U.S. reversed its longstanding policy of isolationism to become actively involved in global affairs. Investigate the core ideas that built a case for American internationalism, as they manifested in the events of the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal. x
  • 16
    No More Corsets: The New Woman
    The lives of American women changed in far-reaching ways during the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. Trace late-19th-century social trends that led to more public roles for women and emerging ideas of women's rights. Learn about the women's suffrage movement and its embattled crusade to gain voting rights for women. x
  • 17
    Trust-Busting in the Progressive Era
    Witness how the Progressive movement took shape in the late 19th century, fueled by alarm over the unbridled power of large corporations. Grasp the era's new definition of American economic freedom, and examine actions taken under presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson to dismantle railroad, meatpacking, and oil trusts, and to reform banking and taxation. x
  • 18
    The 1911 Triangle Fire and Reform
    Learn about reformers' efforts to address the miserable living and working conditions of industrial workers, and new labor laws that followed the galvanizing events of the Triangle Shirtwaist Fire and the Bread and Roses Strike. Also study the movements to eradicate child labor and to federally regulate food and medicines. x
  • 19
    Theodore Roosevelt, Conservationist
    Trace the origins of the conservation movement in the 19th century, and its early initiatives to establish federal protection of wilderness in the face of staunch opposition from commercial interests. Grasp the astonishing conservation record of President Theodore Roosevelt, whose efforts created a wide spectrum of national parks, wildlife preserves, and national forests. x
  • 20
    Urban Reform: How the Other Half Lives
    Study how progressive reformers responded to the troubles of big cities through urban planning, new thinking about poverty, and the establishment of "settlement houses" and social work to aid the urban poor. Also learn about activism to address alcohol abuse and prostitution, as well as governmental actions to reform housing, urban sanitation, and public health. x
  • 21
    The 17th Amendment: Democracy Restored
    Sweeping progressive reforms changed the face of American politics. Observe how initiatives at the city level began the eventual transformation of urban political machines into players in political reform. Examine major political reforms at the state and federal levels, culminating in the civil service system, popularly elected senators, and voting rights for women. x
  • 22
    Early Civil Rights: Washington or Du Bois?
    Discover how African Americans fought racism and violence in the early 20th century. Study the system of white supremacy called Jim Crow, and its economic, social, and political oppression. Review significant civil rights activism and legal victories that laid the groundwork for the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s. x
  • 23
    Over There: A World Safe for Democracy
    As the Progressive Era ends, follow the complex events that led the United States into World War I. Learn how an initial federal policy of neutrality changed to one of "preparedness" and then intervention, amid conflicting public sentiments and government pro-war propaganda. Also trace the after-effects of the war on U.S. foreign policy. x
  • 24
    Upheaval and the End of an Era
    Finally, take account of the period of national turmoil that followed World War I. Study the wave of labor strikes, anti-radical hysteria, and race riots of the early post-war years. Grasp the economic, political, and social factors that gave way to a climate of renewed isolationism and conservatism during the Roaring 20s. x

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Your professor

Edward T. O'Donnell

About Your Professor

Edward T. O'Donnell, Ph.D.
College of the Holy Cross
Dr. Edward T. O'Donnell is Associate Professor of History at College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, MA. He earned his Ph.D. in American History from Columbia University. Since 2002 Professor O'Donnell has worked extensively with the federal U.S. Department of Education program Teaching American History. He has served as the lead historian for several grants and has led hundreds of workshops and seminars and delivered...
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Reviews

America in the Gilded Age and Progressive Era is rated 4.5 out of 5 by 41.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very good overview of the big trends of the era I am fascinated by the similarities and differences between the original Gilded Age and this one. This series is clear, entertaining, and informative, and suggests comparisons without over-doing any link.
Date published: 2017-06-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from The Gilded Age Brought to Life Have been listening to this for the last couple of weeks and am entralled by the content and presentation of this course. The professor brings together so many strands of history into a coherent and fascinating look at an era that foreshadows our current era. Very, very timely listening...once I've finished I plant to start again!
Date published: 2017-06-03
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Great Overview This course is a n excellent overview of the Progressive Era, broad in scope and well presented. It is also timely as it deals with many issues, including income inequality, the corrupting influence of big money in politics, women's rights, the attempts to destroy organized labor, and the "proper" role of government, that are still very much with us today.
Date published: 2017-04-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Unique look at American history! I thought I knew much about these two eras of American history, but I learned so much from Professor O'Donnell. He helps listeners scrutinize stereotypes and where they facts do not fit with them. His premise that the past did not have to unfold the way we know it worked out is gripping. He reveals the unpredictability of 19th and 20th-century America developments and makes dramatic conclusions about these times. His stories are captivating, whether they cover events well known or never before heard. Finally, the dichotomies within between these two eras reveal the importance of current political discourse.
Date published: 2017-03-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Engrossing; compelling Presenting the history of two apparently conflicting historical trends in one course makes this set of lectures particularly intriguing. The contrast between wealthy, spoiled, and often heartless aristocrats who practiced a lifestyle based on conspicuous consumption ; with the muckrakers and passionate reformers of the progressive era; gives this course a richness and a depth that goes beyond the usual factual lecture format. It is, in many respects, a commentary on human nature, and on the powerful, unavoidable forces that drive human history. O'Donnell's delivery is concise and highly organized. From beginning to end, O'Donnell paints a vivid picture of this historical period. He carefully and methodically leads us through the important events of this era, giving us insights into the important personalities who lived through them. His conclusions are logical and supported by the facts.
Date published: 2017-01-20
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Good presentation but includes some misinformation Professor O'Donnell is an engaging presenter with an obvious passion for his topic, which makes these lectures useful for our son's homeschooling curriculum. I've selected materials from a variety of viewpoints, and used his lectures as a companion to, for example, the book "On the Border With Crook" by a 19th-century U.S. Army officer stationed in Arizona and the Dakotas. But I did stumble across some questionable material--specifically, the claim that philosophers including Herbert Spencer made inhumane "social Darwinist" tooth-and-claw arguments for free markets. That charge comes from Richard Hofstadter, and while well-entrenched for decades, has been effectively critiqued--most recently by Princeton's Thomas C. Leonard. It did provide another opportunity for me to bring contrasting sources into my son's education, and others using these lectures should make sure they also look to other takes on a much-debated period of history.
Date published: 2017-01-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Exceptional presentation! I was a government major in college, but had I had instructors such as Professor O'Donnell, there is no doubt in my mind that I would have been a history major! I eagerly look forward to other courses that he presents.
Date published: 2016-12-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Eerily Relevant Dr. O’Donnell provides an interesting introduction to a part of American history not normally given much attention, the Gilded Age (c. 1865-1900) and the Progressive Era (c. 1900-1920). This course worked very well in the audio version. It is good for anyone interested in American history or politics. Dr. O’Donnell presents the Gilded Age, a term coined by Mark Twain, as a time of great technological advances and social and economic upheaval. The term “Gilded Age” presents an image of something that is attractive on the outside but is harsh on the inside. Dr. O’Donnell discussed many characteristics of the Gilded Age. * There was great economic disparity with great concentration of wealth in the hands of just a few bankers and business persons. * The working class felt dispossessed by elites in government, bankers, and big business. Their wages were stagnant or fell. * There was increasingly intense dissatisfaction with both political parties leading many to look to outsiders for political solutions. * There were Great Recessions, called “panics,” in 1873 and 1893 that intensified the anger of the working class. * The national and state governments got bogged down in major political scandals. * There were fierce debates about immigration policies. * There were acts of terrorism that were associated with enemies abroad. * There were issues of racial disparity but there were also major challenges that impeded progress. The imbalances of the Gilded Age eventually created a populist revolt against bankers and big business and even against the establishments in both political parties. All this led to the election of an unconventional president who was not beholden to either major political party, an iconoclastic New Yorker who was born into money but was nevertheless very popular with the working class because he marched to his own tune. The elites just didn’t know how to deal with him or his peculiar (frankly, at times racist) ideas. * The working class looked to government to revise policies that they believed led to the economic stagnation they felt. * Others looked to the government to increase protection of the environment. * There was an increased awareness of the need to protect civil rights, even for those with unpopular views. This must be the second time I listened to this course because I’m sure I’ve heard this story somewhere before.
Date published: 2016-12-22
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