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Changing Body Composition through Diet and Exercise

Changing Body Composition through Diet and Exercise

Professor Michael Ormsbee, Ph.D.
Florida State University

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Changing Body Composition through Diet and Exercise

Course No. 1994
Professor Michael Ormsbee, Ph.D.
Florida State University
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4.4 out of 5
43 Reviews
79% of reviewers would recommend this series
Course No. 1994
Video Streaming Included Free

What Will You Learn?

  • Discover why your proportion of fat to muscle is a better gauge of health, and see how that ratio can be measured.
  • Explore the chemical work of the body's three energy-producing systems.
  • Examine the body's use of protein at the molecular level and learn the importance of incorporating high-biological-value protein into your diet.
  • Consider how the timing and frequency of meals can help you best meet your specific goals.
  • Learn how to find a personal trainer to begin a safe and effective program to increase your muscular strength, endurance, and power-at any age.

Course Overview

If we don’t like what we see in the mirror or if we’re struggling to walk down to the corner store, we tend to think, “Wow, I really need to lose some weight!” But the truth is you might not need to lose weight. Are you surprised? What you really need to do is lose fat and gain muscle. That change will make you look better, feel better, and perform better—whether your bathroom scale tells you any weight is lost in the process or not. In fact, if you focus on simply losing weight as your only metric, you could potentially lose both fat and muscle, becoming weaker instead of stronger. How’s that going to help you walk a mile? If you change your body composition, you’ll see and feel the results you’ve been looking for!

But how to get started? Should you avoid red meat and eat only carbs? Avoid carbs and focus on healthy fats? Will 500 crunches a day turn that belly fat into a “six pack?” Or should you stick to cardio three times a week? New diet and fitness plans come at us daily in the popular press, on the radio, and from a plethora of TV personalities hawking the latest supplement or sports drink. In the library and bookstore, shelf after shelf of books point us down conflicting paths toward health and fitness.

This course is different. Changing Body Composition through Diet and Exercise presents the latest scientific research in the field of performance nutrition. From the macro to the molecular, this solid, science-based information will help you understand your own body better than you ever have. Professor Michael Ormsbee, Associate Professor and Interim Director of the Institute of Sports Sciences and Medicine in the College of Human Sciences at Florida State University, clearly explains in 24 in-depth lectures:

  • how the food you eat is broken down and distributed to the tissues in your body
  • how your body uses those nutrients to produce the energy you need to function and perform
  • how specific nutrition and specific types of exercises can help you lose fat, gain muscle, and feel more energetic in your daily life or on the athletic field

Dr. Ormsbee is a former collegiate athlete, and current weight-lifter and triathlete whose fascination with human physiology is absolutely contagious. His easy-going style and excitement about this cutting-edge research make the technical material engaging and easy to follow. While the course provides a complete and comprehensive look at human bioenergetics and performance nutrition, each lecture is self-contained with easily accessible material. So whether you prefer the “A-Z” big-picture view or you want to start by dipping into information about supplements and set points, Changing Body Composition through Diet and Exercise will meet your needs—and help you meet your goals.

Based on his own laboratory results and those of his colleagues, Dr. Ormsbee presents diet and exercise recommendations in incremental steps that men and women of all ages and fitness levels can follow. Each lecture ends with one specific, easy-to-implement suggestion for your consideration. No gimmicks, no quick fixes, just real science.

What Happens to the Food You Eat?

You’ve just taken that first delicious bite of a blueberry muffin and the first sip of your coffee with a friend you haven’t seen in a while. While you’re focused on the conversation, your body is hard at work digesting your food, absorbing and partitioning the nutrients, and storing the waste for later removal. You’ll learn about:

  • The three categories of macronutrients—carbohydrates, fats, and protein—and the enzymes that begin to break them down into usable nutrients from that first bite
  • The chemical processes occurring in the 300-square-meter surface area of your small intestine, where the greatest percentage of nutrients are absorbed, and why your body requires distinctly different enzyme groups to break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into glucose, fatty acids, and amino acids
  • How the resulting molecules are partitioned throughout the body and ultimately affect the functionality of every microscopic process in every cell
  • The ways in which your hormones such as insulin, cortisol, and catecholamines affect those processes

Which is More Important, Diet or Exercise? Now We Have an Answer

You know you need to exercise. And if you’ve been exercising for a while, you know it makes you feel good. But even if you’ve recently stepped up your exercise program, you might not be seeing the results you’ve been hoping for.

“The surprising truth is that simply exercising more and eating less is not the key for improving body composition,” Dr. Ormsbee says. “I know that’s what we’d been preaching for a long time. But it just doesn’t work all that well.”

What does work?

What works is understanding exactly how nutrients are partitioned and which type of exercise uses which source of energy in the body. You’ll learn about:

  • The relationship between bioenergetics and metabolism
  • The chemical processes that release stored energy to make it available for all functions of life
  • Which sources of energy are used for high-intensity exercise, low-intensity exercise, and the work of maintaining our bodies while we’re at rest, e.g., breathing, regulating temperature, maintaining blood flow, etc.
  • The caloric cost of exercise
  • The way to best time our macronutrient intake relative to exercising for optimal performance and body composition
  • Specific exercises for fat loss
  • Specific exercises for increasing muscle mass
  • Why exercise and food intake are critical for optimal body composition

But what about your friend who takes handfuls of vitamins, minerals, and protein supplements throughout the day? She says they’re important, but does the science back her up? What about artificial sweeteners, standing desks, or cleanse diets—are they helpful, harmful, or insignificant? You’ll learn the latest thinking on those topics and more, always based on rigorous scientific research. Equally importantly, if the research results are inconclusive, you’ll hear that, too. As Dr. Ormsbee explains, we certainly don’t have all the answers yet in this exciting new field.

Dr. Ormsbee concludes with some real-world advice for developing your individualized nutrition and exercise program and for sticking with it. What do studies tell us about the difference between those who only start a program and those who stick with it and reach their goals? The lessons presented in this course can change your life by helping you to feel better, perform better, and be healthier now and into your older years.

“Overall, the health benefits of exercise and eating right are clear,” Dr. Ormsbee says. “Think about it this way: If a pill existed that could provide even half the benefits of good nutrition and fitness, there’s no doubt it would be a best seller.”

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24 lectures
 |  32 minutes each
  • 1
    Body Composition: Managing Our Expectations
    Confused by so many conflicting messages about nutrition and exercise? In this course, you'll learn the latest from the field of performance nutrition, with scientific research backing up every concept presented. Clear, easy-to-understand explanations will provide all the information you need to set your personal body composition goals-and reach them. x
  • 2
    A Healthier Way to Measure Body Composition
    If you want to feel, look, and perform better-whether that means lifting the grandchildren with ease or running a marathon-your weight is no way to chart your progress. Learn why your proportion of fat to muscle is a better gauge of health, and see how that ratio can be measured. x
  • 3
    How Food Is Digested and Absorbed
    Learn about the chemical reactions involved in digestion and absorption and the mechanisms of nutrient partitioning-how nutrients are moved into specific storage areas in your body. Armed with this knowledge, you'll understand why exercise is the best way to use your food to improve body composition! x
  • 4
    Nutritional Needs and Cellular Function
    What we eat affects the functionality of every microscopic process inside each of our 30 trillion cells. Learn how the nutrients absorbed from our food protect cells from damage, provide the fuel used by the mitochondria to produce energy, and continually create new cells to replace old or damaged cells. x
  • 5
    Bioenergetics: Converting Food to Energy
    Bioenergetics, the process of converting food into a usable form of energy, is directly related to overall metabolism. Learn about the chemical work of the body's three energy-producing systems, the fuel each uses, when each is activated-and how your fitness level significantly impacts your body's use of fat as a fuel source. x
  • 6
    Carbohydrates: Composition, Storage, and Use
    While the breakdown of carbohydrates provides the energy needed for all human functions, excess carbs can significantly disrupt good health. Exploring the complex relationship between carbs and the hormone insulin, you'll learn which carbs are best eaten at certain times of the day based on your individual total nutrition and workout schedule. x
  • 7
    Fat: Not the Nutritional Bad Guy
    It's a common-but erroneous-belief that the amount of fat you eat is directly proportional to the amount of fat on your body. To the contrary, the latest research shows why you need to add specific fats to your diet for optimal health and to meet your body composition goals. x
  • 8
    Protein's Critical Role in Body Composition
    Proteins play an integral role in almost every physical aspect and function of our bodies-from hemoglobin to hair to hunger, from mitochondria to metabolism to muscles. Examine the body's use of protein at the molecular level and learn the importance of incorporating high-biological-value protein into your diet. x
  • 9
    High-Protein Diets and Anabolic Resistance
    Are high-protein diets a harmful fad potentially leading to kidney injury? Or should we believe the marketing messages touting protein powders as beneficial for muscles and strength? Dr. Ormsbee reveals the latest scientific truth about protein: how much protein you need to maintain health, improve metabolism, and meet your body composition goals. x
  • 10
    Critical Micronutrients and Water
    Learn about the life-sustaining functions provided by micronutrients-vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals-along with water. While these nutrients are critical to regulating cell processes and metabolic pathways, many of us suffer from micronutrient deficiencies, and some studies have even revealed links between deficiencies and obesity. x
  • 11
    Food Labeling and Nutritional Choices
    Given that most of us eat at least some processed foods-and that all calories are decidedly not created equal-nutrition labels can reveal the real impact of our food choices. Dr. Ormsbee takes the consumer step by step through the current label as a tool for identifying the most nutrient-dense products. x
  • 12
    Nutrient Timing and Frequency
    Is breakfast really the most important meal of the day," or is that just another nutritional myth? Should you eat 6 smaller or 3 larger meals per day? Scientific studies reveal new and surprising answers. Learn how the timing and frequency of meals can help you best meet your specific goals. " x
  • 13
    Nighttime Eating
    Dr. Ormsbee explodes the myth that nighttime eating causes weight gain, explaining the fallacy in the myth's genesis. Numerous recent studies of both young and elderly, fit and obese individuals reveal that a small, before-bed protein snack can actually increase muscle protein synthesis and improve body composition. x
  • 14
    Evaluating Dietary Supplements
    Marketing messages from the multi-billion-dollar sports nutrition industry come at us loud and clear. But have rigorous scientific studies revealed any supplements that can safely and effectively burn fat or increase muscle mass? You might be surprised, as you consider whether or not to add these products to your diet and exercise plan. x
  • 15
    Energy Balance and Weight Control
    Your body is in energy balance when your daily energy output is exactly balanced by the energy of the food you consume. In this lecture, you will learn about the caloric content of food and how to choose specific foods to help you adjust your energy balance for desired body composition. x
  • 16
    The Caloric Cost of Exercise
    While caloric expenditure above resting levels is proportional to the duration and intensity of your exercise, small changes will make a difference, too-like consistently taking the stairs instead of the elevator. The most important aspect of your exercise program is to develop a plan you can stick to! x
  • 17
    Exercise for Fat Loss
    While there are an infinite number of exercise strategies to choose from, only a few are scientifically proven to help you lose body fat. New studies examining the effects of exercise at the cellular level reveal the value of adding specific types of resistance training to any long-term fitness regime. x
  • 18
    Exercise for Healthy Muscle Mass
    Recent studies show that sarcopenia, the gradual loss of muscle mass as we get older, results primarily from chronic disuse and inactivity, not the aging process itself. Learn how to find a personal trainer to begin a safe and effective program to increase your muscular strength, endurance, and power-at any age. x
  • 19
    Hormones and Body Composition
    Hormones are the chemical messengers that affect every aspect of our physiology from blood pressure to internal temperature, energy availability, and the storage (and loss) of body fat. Learn about the complex relationships between your thyroid hormones, insulin, cortisol, and catecholamines and your sex, age, and body composition. x
  • 20
    Novel Ways to Change Body Composition
    Learn what scientific studies reveal about some outside-the-box methods for helping weight loss and improving body composition. Should you dismiss the potential impacts that artificial sweeteners, detox dieting, plate size, standing desks, sleep quantity, and environmental pollutants have on your energy intake and expenditure? You might be surprised. x
  • 21
    Nutrition and Exercise: Special Needs
    Explore how vegetarians can get the protein they need without turning to animal sources, how children can be provided the optimal exercise opportunities and nutrition to address their unique needs for growth, and how appropriate nutrition and exercise can help maintain and improve the quality of life for older adults. x
  • 22
    Set Point Theory and the Last Five Pounds
    Learn how your hypothalamus works to maintain a certain preset level of body fat and weight, commonly known as the set point, and how can you influence that set point. If you feel that you've plateaued, check back with these basics to help you accomplish your personal body-composition goals. x
  • 23
    Choosing Your Nutrition Plan
    With so many choices, committing to a particular diet plan can seem overwhelming. So start by emphasizing nutritionally dense, minimally processed foods. And remember that even one positive habit you adopt and stick with can make a positive long-term impact on your body composition and health. x
  • 24
    Motivation to Change Your Body Composition
    Time to get started! Identify a few small changes to make to your nutrition and exercise programs, ones that seem the easiest to fit into your lifestyle. Set small, reachable goals that you're confident you can stick with-and you will be successful. x

Lecture Titles

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Video DVD
Video Download Includes:
  • Ability to download 24 video lectures from your digital library
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE video streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
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DVD Includes:
  • 24 lectures on 4 DVDs
  • 256-page printed course guidebook
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE video streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
  • Closed captioning available

What Does The Course Guidebook Include?

Video DVD
Course Guidebook Details:
  • 256-page printed course guidebook
  • Photos and illustrations
  • Food and nutrition myths and facts
  • Questions to consider and suggestions to try

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Your professor

Michael Ormsbee

About Your Professor

Michael Ormsbee, Ph.D.
Florida State University
Dr. Michael Ormsbee is an Associate Professor in the Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences and Interim Director of the Institute of Sports Sciences and Medicine in the College of Human Sciences at Florida State University. He received his B.S. in Exercise Science from Skidmore College, his M.S. in Exercise Physiology (research emphasis in Sports Nutrition) from South Dakota State University, and his Ph.D. in...
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Reviews

Changing Body Composition through Diet and Exercise is rated 4.3 out of 5 by 43.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Plenty of gold in the ore This is a potentially life-changing course and has answered many questions that I had about this topic. It is also a bit of a slog because the instructor includes much more science than I really needed, such as, all the chemistry, names of enzymes, etc. Of course, that did no harm and I realize you needed to extend the course to 12 hours somehow. But for me, its all about "What do I do on Monday?" and the course certainly provided that. I must admit I was shocked at how often the instructor said "This is still controversial" or "This is still being studied" on one topic or another. I appreciate the candor, but you would think that a medical establishment that can replace hips would be able to give more definitive answers by now. It suggests that our research money has been going too much into patching up the sick and not enough into how to be well.
Date published: 2017-07-04
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Misleading title I got this thinking that it would have some good information on taking care of myself, but its just a (often boring) series of digested science expreiement data. There are moments of interest, but on the whole it doesn't tell you much about how to actually change your body composition for better health - the professor just gives descriptions and explanations with a few vague (and always qualified with "may" or "could") suggestions for food intake. I'm disappointed. This feels like a dumbed down course for students of human biology.
Date published: 2017-06-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent overview with good advice. I learned a lot about nutrition and exercise that I will put to good use. Highly Recommended for people who are new to diet and fitness.
Date published: 2017-04-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from
Date published: 2017-04-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Good enough to reorder This was one of the best of my scores of Great Courses. I pass my courses around work, and this one unfortunately got lost. As one of my most life-changing Lecture series, I ordered a second copy, and am seriously considering ordering more for other family members.
Date published: 2017-04-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from All around wonderful This lecture series is extremely informative and full to the brim of facts, information, and scientific research that backs everything up. Despite this sounding dry, it is presented in a way that is very palatable to someone who stopped taking biology courses in high school (like me). It goes into every aspect of body composition and how to affect and change any aspect that you wish.
Date published: 2017-03-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from A Great Resource for Long Term Health Professor Ormsbee cuts through all the confusion and provides up-to-date, research-tested information on how our bodies work and how to best care for them. I have many lectures from the Great Courses and this is one of the very best.
Date published: 2017-03-29
Rated 4 out of 5 by from subtitles are super annoying The lectures are great (6 lectures in). For some reason, there are subtitles on the screen, and I can't get rid of them. Sometimes they even overlap other text on the screen. This is really annoying. We have numerous Great Courses, and this and one other one, the "Irish Identity" course, are the only ones with this issue.
Date published: 2017-03-14
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