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Churchill

Churchill

Professor J. Rufus Fears, Ph.D.
University of Oklahoma

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Churchill

Course No. 807
Professor J. Rufus Fears, Ph.D.
University of Oklahoma
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4.3 out of 5
193 Reviews
77% of reviewers would recommend this series
Course No. 807
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  • Audio or Video?
  • You should buy audio if you would enjoy the convenience of experiencing this course while driving, exercising, etc. While the video does contain visual elements, the professor presents the material in an engaging and clear manner, so the visuals are not necessary to understand the concepts. Additionally, the audio audience may refer to the accompanying course guidebook for names, works, and examples that are cited throughout the course.
  • You should buy video if you prefer learning visually and wish to take advantage of the visual elements featured in this course. The video format features more than more than 100 visuals, including maps, portraits, historical paintings and photographs, graphics, and quotations culled from Churchill's own writings. On-screen spellings and definitions also help to reinforce material for visual learners.
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Course Overview

Winston Churchill is arguably the greatest leader of the 20th century, and one of the greatest democratic statesmen ever. His friend, colleague, and esteemed political foe Clement Attlee memorialized him as "the greatest Englishman of our time—I think the greatest citizen of the world of our time." Churchill is eminently worthy of study because he is proof that a single individual can change the course of history for the better and make of life a blessed and noble thing, despite public and private trials too numerous to name.

A Champion of Freedom

At an awful hour when freedom and right stood in mortal peril before tyranny and brutal terror, Churchill, with his great-souled courage, genius, and eloquence, rallied the British people: "Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties and so bear ourselves that, if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, ' This was their finest hour.' "

He stood alone against the Nazi onslaught. And from there he led his people to victory, which puts us all in his debt.

Who was this extraordinary man, and how did he accomplish this amazing feat? How was it that this achievement was just a single part of a long and fruitful life?

A Life of Stunning Accomplishment

These lectures will introduce you to:

  • A successful politician who won his seat in Parliament at age 26
  • A statesman of vision and principle
  • A brilliant orator who invoked timeless concepts of valor, honor, and freedom when the civilized world needed them most
  • A brave and resourceful soldier in battles large and small
  • A gifted public servant who helped his country in a variety of key cabinet posts, never shirking a tough assignment or dodging a tough issue
  • A military innovator and strategist who outpaced his contemporaries in his grasp of the impact of technology on warfare
  • An eminent bestselling author who won the Nobel Prize for Literature, whose biography of Marlborough has been called the greatest historical work of the 20th century, and who had already become a millionaire through his writings when he took his seat in Parliament
  • A gifted painter of landscapes whose artwork, which hangs today in major museums, brought him a considerable income
  • A loving son, faithful husband, and doting father who won the devotion of his children.

Remarkable Literary Output

In his writings alone, Churchill completed five works that would, in Professor Fears's words, "each be a life work for most academic historians today":

  • Lord Randolph Churchill, 2 vols. (1906)
  • The World Crisis, 6 vols. (1923–31)
  • Marlborough, His Life and Times, 4 vols. (1933–38)
  • A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, 4 vols. (1956–58)
  • The Second World War, 6 vols. (1948–53).

And as we've already noted, those writings were far from "alone" in the accomplishments of his life.

Exceptional Subject, Exceptional Teacher

To condense the rich words and deeds, works and days of this multifaceted genius in a single lecture series is a daunting task. But we think you'll agree that Professor Fears is a man superbly suited to the job.

The winner of 15 awards for his outstanding teaching skills—including University of Oklahoma Professor of the Year three times—he frequently leads study trips to historical sites in the United States and Europe.

Of these tours, "Winston Churchill and World War II" is the most popular.

The lectures will clarify why this is so as you experience Professor Fears's learning, his deep understanding of Churchill, and his command of the lecturer's art as he brings his subject to life with dramatic flair.

Professor Fears begins at the supreme moment in Churchill's life, as he spoke to the House of Commons on June 4, 1940, declaring to the world that Britain "shall never surrender."

As Churchill later wrote, his whole past "had been but a preparation for this hour and this trial."

And you will learn how Churchill, despite the grave ordeal he and his nation faced, met this trial with buoyancy and hope by drawing on his heritage of courage and his store of principle.

The Four Supreme Qualities of Statesmanship

Drawing on the most recent historical scholarship and richly documenting his lectures with material from Churchill's writings and speeches, Professor Fears argues that there are four qualities that merit for Churchill the title of statesman.

In fact, Professor Fears goes even further. He argues that Churchill belongs with Pericles of Athens and Abraham Lincoln as one of the greatest statesmen in the history of democracy because of his:

  • Bedrock of principles
  • Moral compass
  • Vision
  • Ability to build consensus to achieve that vision.

These qualities, Professor Fears claims, are intimately related to Churchill's lifelong faith in the ideal of liberty under law and to his belief in absolute right and wrong. That belief enabled him to discern, name, and denounce the wickedness of Hitler at a time when such a stance was far from common.

Twin Ideals of Liberty and Justice

For Churchill, ideals of liberty and justice were best embodied in history by the twin bastions of Britain and the United States.

Those ideals guided him through all the issues and challenges over the decades, and led him to become a friend of social justice but a foe of socialism.

He remained a fearsome enemy to both Fascist and Communist tyranny, even though he was willing to bring his country into an alliance with the latter when the former presented the more immediate threat.

No Stranger to Controversy

Throughout his life, Churchill never shrank from controversy—and never lacked critics. Many of his personal qualities tended to provoke controversy, including his refusal to "stay in his box," compromise his vision, or avoid difficult decisions.

Professor Fears evaluates some of the most influential criticisms of Churchill, many of which were first heard during his lifetime.

He explains why historians representing a range of political opinions have assailed Churchill, and sketches briefly how these critics may be answered.

In the end, perhaps the spirit of this indomitable man is best captured by some advice he gave in the fall of 1941 to the boys of Harrow, his old school:

"Never give in," said the old lion, "Never, never, never, never!"

He never did.

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12 lectures
 |  31 minutes each
  • 1
    Heritage and Destiny
    On June 4, 1940, Winston Churchill spoke to Parliament, rallying a nation during the darkest days of history's most awful war. To see what brought him there, we must begin, as he would have, with the legacy of heroism and public service he received from his ancestors, above all the great First Duke of Marlborough. x
  • 2
    Young Churchill
    Despite his high birth, the "troublesome boy" Winston showed scant promise of greatness. His school career was uneven; his parents distant, even harsh. Yet as he later noted, "the solitary tree, if it grows at all, grows to be strong and sturdy." His own blossoming began at Sandhurst, Britain's Royal Military Academy. x
  • 3
    On the Empire’s Frontier
    Churchill began manhood as a soldier of the British Empire, which he would always see as a force for good. His service was noted for its "valour, courage, and resolute spirit," and he wrote successfully and well of his perilous experiences in Afghanistan and Africa. x
  • 4
    Political Beginnings
    Churchill burned with a strong sense of ambition and family honor. Already a war hero and author, he won a seat in Parliament at 26 (his second try) as a voice for "Tory democracy." He would be a top Cabinet minister by 34, and First Lord of the Admiralty by 37. x
  • 5
    Churchill and Controversy
    Mediocrity distrusts genius. Such distrust contributed to Churchill's fall from the Cabinet after the failure of the Dardanelles campaign. His own response to adversity revealed the nobility of spirit that enabled him not only to survive, but to triumph. x
  • 6
    Post-War Challenges
    Returning to the Cabinet as Minister of Munitions—a testament to his organizing skills and "can-do" spirit—Churchill pioneered a new weapon code-named the "tank," becoming a founding father of modern armored warfare and paving the way for victory on the Western Front. x
  • 7
    In the Wilderness
    Churchill returned to the Tory party and the Cabinet in the 1920s. By decade's end, he would resign over India. There followed years of political exile lightened by his warm family life and copious, brilliant literary output. x
  • 8
    The Nazi Menace
    For most of the 1930s, Churchill was widely considered washed-up and out of touch. Undaunted, he stood nearly alone as he persistently and eloquently made the case for British rearmament and resistance to Nazi aggrandizement. x
  • 9
    Rallying the Nation
    Why did Churchill, at last named Prime Minister during the stern days of May 1940, feel that all his life "had been but a preparation for this hour and this trial"? How did he resist pressures to negotiate for peace with Hitler, and instead rally his fellow Britons to meet "their finest hour"? x
  • 10
    The Tide of War Turns
    In a war of powerful leaders, Churchill proved to be the supreme strategist. What were the skills and experiences that made him so successful? How did he meet the numerous and awful challenges with which the burden of wartime leadership confronted him? x
  • 11
    Champion of Freedom
    In 1945, Churchill was determined that freedom's victory not be squandered as it had been in 1918. With the war barely won, voters gave him "the Order of the Boot." In his last years his health failed but his judgments remained astute (even prophetic) and his principles shone undimmed. x
  • 12
    The Legacy of Churchill
    In what does Churchill's greatness ultimately consist? What did he understand by liberty and democracy? What role did he see for government? Where did he learn his principles, and how did he uphold them so unswervingly over a political life of more than 50 tumultuous years? x

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What's Included

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Video DVD
Audio Download Includes:
  • Ability to download 12 audio lectures from your digital library
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE audio streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps
Video DVD
DVD Includes:
  • 12 lectures on 2 DVDs
  • 88-page printed course guidebook
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
Video DVD
CD Includes:
  • 12 lectures on 6 CDs
  • 88-page printed course guidebook
  • Downloadable PDF of the course guidebook
  • FREE audio streaming of the course from our website and mobile apps

What Does The Course Guidebook Include?

Video DVD
Course Guidebook Details:
  • 88-page printed course guidebook
  • Maps
  • Excerpts from Speeches
  • Suggested readings

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Your professor

J. Rufus Fears

About Your Professor

J. Rufus Fears, Ph.D.
University of Oklahoma
Dr. J. Rufus Fears was David Ross Boyd Professor of Classics at the University of Oklahoma, where he held the G. T. and Libby Blankenship Chair in the History of Liberty. He also served as David and Ann Brown Distinguished Fellow of the Oklahoma Council of Public Affairs. He earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University. Before joining the faculty at the University of Oklahoma, Professor Fears was Professor of History and...
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Reviews

Churchill is rated 4.2 out of 5 by 193.
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Disappointing I've taken 10+ of the Great Courses history courses, and this is probably the worst I've taken. I have read a lot of Churchill, and hoped to get a quick refresher by listening to these 12 lectures. But what I got instead was a lot of opinions (many not supportable by the facts) and a rather arrogant-sounding professor. I know it is hard to cover Churchill in 6 hours (twelve 30-minute lectures), but this was not a good effort.
Date published: 2017-05-16
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Wonderful History Enjoyed, although I would have liked a more balanced approach on several issues that were glosssed over.
Date published: 2017-05-02
Rated 5 out of 5 by from
Date published: 2017-04-22
Rated 1 out of 5 by from I found the professor's style to be frustrating to listen to. He seems more interested in his own rhetorical flourish than in clearly conveying information. In addition, the content is not a well balanced approach to Churchill's life. It is more in the style of storytelling from a proud relative than a rigorous academic treatment of a historical figure's life. I've listened to well over a dozen Great Courses lectures, and this was by far the worst (bad enough to inspire writing my first review).
Date published: 2017-03-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent I am as happy with this Great Course as I have been with all of the others I have purchased. The content is excellent, in-depth, and well-presented. I would highly recommend this set to anyone with an interest in the life of Winston Churchill.
Date published: 2017-03-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Thought this was deeply insightful. At the end of the course he describes "historians" that upon Churchill's death, began to claim he was an utter failure. He points out that these historians have no belief in right and wrong, see everything as shades of grey, and cannot possibly understand a man who always chose to do what was right rather than what was politically expedient.
Date published: 2017-03-06
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Can we temper the enthusiasm? Professor J. Rufus Fears is an unapologetic admirer of Winston Churchill; and as long as one keeps that in mind, the course in engaging and informative. From the intriguing questions about Churchill’s family tree – and some entertaining birth stories – to his life as Prime Minister and beyond, we’re regaled with a delightful collection of anecdotes and observations that give us a feel for Churchill the man. Professor J. Rufus Fears is an unapologetic admirer of Winston Churchill; and one must keep that in mind because the lectures present what – to me – is an uncritical evaluation of his life and work. We hear much of the good; and there is plenty of it. But we hear very little of the less-admirable; and there is plenty of that, as well. Case in point: Lecture 5, “Churchill and Controversy” does briefly mention Churchill’s inability to “read” his associates’ ill intentions. We do hear of his impetuosity and sharp tongue. But the failed Dardanelles/Gallipoli campaign of World War I is then more-or-less shrugged off as skullduggery by the good ol’ boys of the Admiralty. That Churchill was First Lord of the Admiralty, and ultimately responsible for the disaster, gets a less-than-critical analysis. For a somewhat more sober account of the campaign, I suggest Professor Gregory S. Aldrete’s course “History’s Great Military Blunders and the Lessons They Teach,” Lecture 20: “Gallipoli: Churchill Dooms Allied Assault – 1915.” Other areas of Churchill’s life are either ignored, or barely hinted at. Was Winston Churchill suffering from a bipolar disorder? Depressive disorder? There is a lot of evidence to suggest it, but that gets little-to-no mention. Even if Dr. Fears disagrees with those assertions, they deserve mention – if only to debunk them. Perhaps the point of the course is simply to introduce us to a towering figure in modern world history who was, indeed, a visionary. I found the lectures delightful, and Professor Fears’ presentation delightful. I only wish he’d found a way to be more balanced in his assessment of Churchill, the man.
Date published: 2017-01-07
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Churchill I have many biographies of this great man but Dr. Rufus Fears animates him better than any other
Date published: 2016-12-14
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