Rated 5 out of 5 by RoyT Perspective On Present Discontents
I am very impressed with this course. Professor Kobylka is a great presenter and the content of his lectures is top-notch. This is not a dry discussion of political theory. Professor Kobylka contends that “…ideas (philosophy) and actions (context) exist in a complex relationship…Political thought chases events, and events chase political thought. Ideas (philosophy) and actions (context) exist in a complex relationship… Neither can be understood without the other… Both inform each other.” (Course Guidebook, Page 24). The result is a truly interesting and engaging survey, covering over 400 years, that not only deals with “…self-consciously political theorists, [but also] political actors whose actions were infused with theoretical content, and governmental institutions acting on the basis of theoretical constructions of political concepts” (Page 182-183).
For the most part, Professor Kobylka is concerned with two main aspects of American liberalism (more broadly understood than today’s often politically charged designation), which he says is “…a very malleable political philosophy”, that "[a]t its core is the individual…All individuals possess rights that are to be protected from encroachment…”). Those two main aspects of American liberalism he terms minimal state and active state liberalism (also referred to as progressivism). To these dominant approaches “…various libertarian, conservative, anarchic, and socialist theories join the conversation from time to time.” (Page 185). Professor Kobylka locates the development of the minimal state and active state liberalism in the arguments over the ratification of the U.S. Constitution (even noting that 1960s Students for a Democratic Society echo Anti-Federalist ideas of 1788). “The federalists and the anti-federalists set the polar stars of the predominant cycle of American political thought: the role of government in general, and of the national government in particular, in the lives of its citizens.” (Page 183). Matters really take off after the Civil War, however, in the “…conversation between these two liberalisms, with each gaining the upper hand at various junctures” (Page 184).
Not too surprisingly, but somewhat disconcerting, is Lincoln as the one who got the active state liberal ball rolling. What I enjoyed most about this latter part of the course is its contrasting of two of the major late 19th/early 20th century theorists, William Graham Sumner and Herbert Croly, respectively minimal and active state proponents, and how their ideas and approaches not only impacted federal administrations, but also were reflected in Supreme Court decisions. The tale is an interesting one that includes the New Deal and the “nationalization of the Bill of Rights” (Audio, Lecture 35) by the Warren Court in the 1950sand 1960s, followed by the cycling back to an emphasis on minimal state liberalism by the Reagan Revolution.
There is so much to this course that I do not feel able to do full justice to it. Here, however, are some of the main themes (from Pages 185-187):
“A. Liberalism, in general and in America, is a very malleable political philosophy.
B. American liberalism is characterized by the expansion of the people.
C. Space—the “extent of territory”—has had enormous impact as an element of American political life and thought.
D. We view America as a once-constituted country, but it has had many reconstitutions…the malleability of liberalism has allowed these reconstitutions without profound philosophical and institutional dislocation.
E. Through it all, America has never lost its sense of ‘specialness,’ exceptionalism.”
I came away from this course with a better understanding and appreciation of our country’s past and present. Not only did Professor Kobylka do an excellent job on the sweep of American history, but also painted some vivid portraits of important figures, including John Winthrop, Thomas Paine, the Founding Fathers, Orestes Brownson (whose socialism anticipated Marx) Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Dubois, Theodore Roosevelt, Eugene Debs, Woodrow Wilson, FDR, Martin Luther King (in the liberal tradition, but trending toward socialism at the end), William F. Buckley, Betty Friedan, Barry Goldwater, and Ronald Reagan (who harked back to John Winthrop in some important ways). Just a fantastically good set of lectures!
At the end of this course, Professor Kobylka notes that “…people like Ann Coulter and Michael Moore see demons on the other side. Jefferson saw Adams as a Monarchist and Adams feared Jefferson a Jacobin (Audio, Lecture 36)…Our ideologues find cataclysmic faults everywhere they turn. So did those of earlier times. This reflects a human tendency to magnify the present and diminish the past” (Page 182). Professor Kobylka is a thoughtful and fair-minded presenter who will keep your attention through thirty-six excellent lectures. Very highly recommended!
December 3, 2014
Rated 5 out of 5 by JBennett213 Very Informative and Fair
This was a truly exceptional course on the cycles of American political philosophies, between "minimal state" Liberalism and "active state" Liberalism, with a reasonable smattering of non-Liberal critiques (eg, Socialism and non-Liberal Conservatism). The content delivery was superb, learned and coherent. What I particularly appreciated was Professor Kobylka's very fair-minded treatment of all sides. He does an exemplary job of illuminating the thought he's examining without interposing any discernible bias, which, in our partisan Age, is very refreshing.
December 3, 2013
Rated 5 out of 5 by NYNM Cyclical and dynamic
While the lectures themselves are quite informative, I think it is the course "concept" that won me over.
The concept is that (Political) thought is dynamic, not a set of facts and figures. The organic nature of politics provides an opportunity for interpretation and reinterpretation of political document and structures to suit the "tenor of the times." Prof. Kobykla thus focus on political philosophy in the context of the development of the United States through the cycles of history.
I believe this perspective is quite useful in gaining an understanding of US politics and the nature of our development as a country. It also show the resiliency involved in government and interpretation of government function for differing generations and socio-political realities. Thanks.
January 12, 2009
Rated 4 out of 5 by LifelongLearner A new slant on old news.
In a lot of ways this covered lots of information that I already knew. However, it presents a focus different from what I've heard before.
Professor Kobylka shows how this country is basically a liberal country, contrasting minimal vs. active liberalism. He does show the non-liberal side of our tradition (i.e. socialism).
I particularly liked the discussions of the traditions that were first brought to this country from England and Europe. He shows how the history of England, the Protestant Reformation and Puritanism affected the thinking of the '55 white, propertied men' who are considered our 'founding fathers.' This era is not often discussed when we talk about our history.
Since we know that 'winners write history' it is not surprising that Professor Kobylka spends 3 lectures on The Federalist Papers and only 1 on the Anti-Federalists. But he does show how the anti-Federalists won a couple of important issues -- the Bill of Rights, and the limiting of national power.
Many lectures were spent of the expansion of the original definition of men in "all men are created equal." That ex-slaves counted; that women counted.
I didn't give this course a full 5-start rating as I found it slow at times.
June 20, 2014