Italian Renaissance

Course No. 3970
Professor Kenneth R. Bartlett, Ph.D.
University of Toronto
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Course Overview

When you think of the Italian Renaissance, chances are you think of what it gave us. The extraordinary sculptures of Michelangelo. The incomparable paintings of Leonardo da Vinci. The immortal written works of Petrarch and Machiavelli. But have you ever wondered why there was such an artistic, cultural and intellectual explosion in Italy at the start of the 14th century?

Why did it occur in Italy and not another part of Europe, and why did it happen in certain Italian city-states, such as Florence?

Why did it ultimately fail in the middle of the 16th century?

Professor Kenneth Bartlett offers you the opportunity to appreciate the results of the Italian Renaissance and to probe its origins. You will gain an understanding of the underlying social, political, and economic forces that made such exceptional art and culture possible.

In this course, you will learn from two masters: Professor Bartlett himself, and the eminent 19th-century art historian Jacob Burckhardt, who created the scholarly model—cultural history—through which the Renaissance is still widely studied today. Burckhardt believed that the Renaissance was best understood by examining the culture from which it arose: its social relations, economic structures, political systems, and religious beliefs.

Dr. Bartlett believes that this approach is akin to creating a mosaic using tesserae, pieces that consist of questions about social, economic, and political history, and about the day-to-day lives of individuals and families of the time.

How did the city-states of Italy amass such enormous wealth, and why did states such as Florence invest so much of their capital in art and learning?

How people lived, worked, and learned

What was the relationship of parents to children, husbands to wives, and citizens to their community?

Who could hold political power, and why? How is it that the Renaissance manifested itself so differently in different political environments: in a republic like Florence, a despotism like Milan, or a principality like Urbino?

Even the geography and topography of Italy become surprisingly crucial pieces of the picture. How did the country's unique shape—a peninsula with a mountain range running up its center—help to spark the Renaissance? Would the Renaissance have happened had Italy's geography been different?

This course will teach you that the Italian Renaissance mosaic is incomplete without the large and small pieces, such as the sack of Rome or the French invasions of 1494, and the dowry that a woman's family had to provide so she could be married. In addition, you will learn that some pieces you may have associated with another genre of history—the Protestant Reformation or the Council of Trent, for example—are a part of an accurate Renaissance depiction.

You will gain a sense of how the Renaissance really looked through the eyes of the men and women who lived it. In addition, you will appreciate the Italian Renaissance as the moment in history when culture reached a point that is still with us in the way we view the world and structure our lives, and in the Renaissance cities of present-day Italy.

The Mind-set of the Renaissance: Man as the Measure of all Things

If you could learn only one thing from this course, it would be this: The Italian Renaissance was essentially a mind-set, a collection of powerful attitudes and beliefs.

Renaissance thinking enabled Italy to emerge from the feudal, Aristotelian, God-centered society of medieval Europe. The Renaissance mind—informed by the new philosophy of Humanism and the rediscovery of Plato—was far more secular and focused on the activities of human beings. The great invention of the time was the creation of the individual, the notion that human experiences and abilities should not be trivialized but celebrated—that man was "the measure of all things."

You will witness the creation of Renaissance attitudes and beliefs against a backdrop of the cultural circumstances that gave birth to it. You will see the origins of Humanism as largely rooted in the work of Francesco Petrarca, or Petrarch, who grew up in a family that had been exiled from Florence. Humanism's emphasis on the individual grew out of the fact that Petrarch was forced to seek his own identity, to literally "construct" himself, because he was separated from the homeland that otherwise would have shaped his identity.

You will understand Petrarch as an example of the theory that "geniuses do not drive history." Even the most powerful ideas cannot take hold unless they can connect with social, political, and economic realities—unless they are beneficial to a given culture's day-to-day needs.

The Life of Latin

For example, Petrarch's belief that the classical Latin of Cicero was superior to medieval Latin received support because it proved true in real life. Traveling notaries, who wrote contracts and letters in Latin for merchants, found that switching to the classical version made them more marketable. Similarly, Humanism became the philosophy of the Republic of Florence largely because it was seen as economically advantageous. Florence's rising business class saw Humanism as a useful rationale for charging interest, a practice forbidden by the Bible.

What is perhaps most striking is the way Renaissance Italians came to see their beliefs as not simply abstract but tangible. Florence transformed Humanism into civic Humanism—the belief that citizens should contribute their wealth and talent to the city's betterment—which it further transformed into an actual "built community": its architecture and landscaping, its immortal churches, sculptures, paintings, and frescoes.

Finally, you will examine how Renaissance ideals were embodied in the work of writers such as Baldassare Castiglione, Francesco Guicciardini, and Niccolo Machiavelli. They considered their era's values to be sacred, vital handholds to which civilization literally clung. Their works can largely be seen as an effort to adjust and protect these values, to preserve them against the assault of anti-Italian, anti-Renaissance barbarians of their time.

Renaissances of Florence, Venice, Urbino, Milan, and Rome

The city-states of the Italian peninsula were home to the money, intellect, and talent that were needed for the growth of Renaissance culture, especially in Florence.

In the Republic of Florence, you will find an enlightened society that reached its peak under Cosimo de'Medici the elder (il Vecchio) and his grandson, Lorenzo the Magnificent, and that considered itself "the enemy of kings and tyrants." Fully 3 percent of its citizens were eligible to hold political office (a remarkable percentage for the time).

On the other hand, Florence's Renaissance history was one of political instability, of factionalism and political experiment that eventually descended into disarray and decline. At the end of the 15th century, under the overzealous Dominican monk Girolamo Savonarola, Florence was a repressive theocracy that ruled through torture. Heretics risked having their tongues cut out, and specially trained groups of boys, called Bands of Hope, roamed the streets to enforce public piety.

This course will also show you how the Renaissance progressed in other Italian city-states that, due to circumstances of geography and history, had political and social structures that were very different from Florence's. In fact, most Italian Renaissance cities were principalities or despotisms, governed by princes or leaders of ruling families who could be either benign or cruel.

In Venice, you will see how this Republic's change from a maritime to a more land-oriented city more amenable to Renaissance Humanism, which affected the look of the city. Venetian visual arts and architecture changed from Byzantine to Classical, and a Venetian school of painting arose that gave us such giants as Giorgione, Titian, Veronese, and Tintoretto.

Montefeltro, a Consummate Civic Leader

The tiny principality of Urbino and the powerful despotic monarchy of Milan produced several exceptional leaders. Sir Kenneth Clark described Urbino under Federigo da Montefeltro as the most civilized place on Earth at the time. Montefeltro, known as the Light of Italy, walked the streets of Urbino each morning to inquire about his subjects' well-being. His sense of fairness was so strong that he once insisted that a merchant sue him for nonpayment of a debt.

The Milanese despotic monarch Giangaleazzo Visconti built Milan's renowned cathedral, instituted postal and public health systems, and initiated an attempt to unite Italy that, had it succeeded, would have rewritten Italian and European history. His successors, Francesco and Lodovico Sforza (called il Moro, the Moor, for his dark skin) accomplished the Peace of Lodi, which sheltered the Renaissance in relative tranquility for 40 years. Sforza presided over a court—where Leonardo da Vinci resided—that made Milan a rival to Lorenzo de'Medici's Florence as a center of art patronage.

Rome, in an eerie reprise of the Roman Empire, rose and fell during the Renaissance. The Middle Ages had made Rome a deserted city, overrun by weeds and animals. But after the embarrassments of the Babylonian Captivity (1305–77), when the papacy moved to France, and the Great Schism (1378–1417), when as many as three popes ruled simultaneously, a succession of popes embarked on a rebuilding program designed to restore the papacy's dignity.

Martin V, Nicholas V, Sixtus IV, and Julius II made Rome a Renaissance city by instituting large-scale public works, and church buildings such as St. Peter's Basilica, the largest construction project in Rome since antiquity. Unfortunately, Rome's rebirth as a magnet for tourists and pilgrims ended in an orgy of violence during the sack of Rome in 1527. An army comprised largely of mercenary Protestant Germans committed wanton rape, slaughtered priests and nuns, and pried open the tombs of popes and cardinals to steal vestments and rings.

In the end, no more than 15,000 inhabitants remained in the city, and Italians lost significant faith in their Renaissance ideals of Humanism and the dignity of man.

The Renaissance in Daily Detail

  • The Italian Renaissance was the era that invented the concept of the state and the term "Middle Ages."
  • The last non-Italian pope until John Paul II served during the Renaissance. But Adrian VI was so unpopular that after he died, happy Romans carried his doctor through the streets because they thought he had helped to kill the pontiff.
  • In wars between Italian city-states, hardly anyone was hurt, let alone killed. Renaissance cities hired mercenary armies to do their fighting for them, and mercenary captains fought not to lose soldiers, whom they considered to be investments.

Professor Bartlett's presentation contains a wealth of details that will give you a feel and appreciation for the Italian Renaissance—its contributions to history, the ways it was similar and dissimilar to our times, and how it was experienced by the people, famous and ordinary, who lived it. For example:

  • To recover knowledge of classical antiquity, Renaissance scholars had to invent disciplines such as archaeology, numismatics, and methods to verify the authenticity and meanings of texts. Renaissance techniques proved that the document, the Donation of Constantine—through which the Emperor Constantine allegedly gave control of the Western Roman Empire to the church—was a forgery, and that the only full-size equestrian bronze statue to survive from antiquity, long thought to depict Constantine, was actually of Marcus Aurelius.
  • Florence invented several financial techniques now widespread in modern economics. In the 1340s, to finance a huge public debt, Florentines invented the Monte, or mountain. This functioned like a municipal bond, and paid a 5 percent rate of return. Florentines also created the Monte delle doti, which functioned like a modern college fund, to help fathers pay their daughters' dowries, and an income tax complete with personal deductions.
  • So that aristocratic boys and girls wouldn't feel too superior, many Humanist educators required some poor boys, selected for their intelligence, be educated with them. The poor students were taught for free, and their parents were compensated for the fact that the boys weren't working and contributing to family income.
  • Ironically, women's social and personal freedom was most restricted where political freedom was greatest, in Humanist republics such as Florence and Venice. Most Humanist authors advised that women not be taught classical languages, rhetoric, and other Humanist skills. But in principalities, noble fathers often found it beneficial to educate their daughters to make them more attractive to a suitor. In addition, duchesses or princesses often ruled when husbands were away at war, a role unimaginable in Florence or Venice.
  • In Renaissance cities, women had four life options: marriage, domestic service, the convent, or prostitution. Florence ran state-approved brothels so that "honest" women would not be assaulted. Many women, afraid of dying in childbirth, chose the convent.
  • Social rank and decorum required that boys and girls, young men and women, only play a stringed instrument or keyboard instruments. Brass instruments or woodwinds were forbidden because it was thought that playing these instruments distorted the face and was contrary to the dignity and natural beauty of the human form.
  • Trials were held secretly in Venice, and most sentences were carried out at night. If you were accused of a capital offense, of which there were many, you would often just disappear. You'd be sewn in a sack and, at midnight, dropped over the side of a boat.

In this course you will also study a time when popes tended to be truly extraordinary, both in their accomplishments and in their personal behavior. They include:

  • Sixtus IV, who probably did more than anyone to rebuild Rome, and for whom the Sistine Chapel is named. But he was also a conspirator to murder, plotting with the Pazzi family to kill the Florentine leader Lorenzo de'Medici and his brother Giuliano at Mass one Holy Week.
  • Innocent VIII, who presided over the marriages of his children in front of the high altar at St. Peter's.
  • Alexander VI Borgia, who had four children with his primary mistress, known as the Queen of Rome. His teenage mistress convinced him to make her brother a cardinal, who eventually became one of the great popes of the 16th century, Paul III.
  • Julius II, who built the current St. Peter's Basilica, commissioned Michelangelo to paint the vault of the Sistine Chapel, and was probably the 16th century's greatest art patron. He took his name to honor Julius Caesar, and was known as The Warrior Pope. In his sixties, he would walk with common soldiers through waist-deep snow and said he preferred the smell of gunpowder to the smell of incense.

In addition to the great popes, philosophers, writers, and political leaders of the Italian Renaissance, you will meet those whose names may not be as well-known, but whose impact was in many ways just as significant:

  • Poggio Bracciolini, whose handwriting was the model for italic type, and who perhaps did more to recover ancient literature than anyone else. Scouring monastic libraries, he discovered the lost forensic orations of Cicero, Vitruvius's complete manuscript on Roman architecture and building, and the complete text of Quintilian's Instituto Oratoria—the education of the citizen orator.
  • Coluccio Salutati, who as Chancellor of Florence institutionalized Humanism in the city by actively seeking Humanist scholars for positions in city government.
  • Marsilio Ficino, best known for introducing the philosophy of Plato to Europe. He served as the first president of the Florentine Platonic Academy, which attracted the leading citizens, thinkers, and artists of Florence.

The Power of an "Energizing Myth"

This course will impress you with the fact that the Italian Renaissance is one of history's most interesting periods as well as one of its most relevant. Its contributions made much of modern life possible.

Our concept of participatory government, our belief in the value of competition, our philosophy of the content and purpose of education, even our notions of love all have roots in the Renaissance period. Its loftiest ideals—the importance of the individual, the value of human dignity and potential, and the promotion of freedom—are ones we embrace as our own.

As Professor Bartlett stresses, the principal cause of the Italian Renaissance was simply the idea that it could be. The historian Federico Chabod proposed that the Italian Renaissance was really an "energizing myth." Italians, especially Florentines, became convinced that they could do anything—so they did.

As you will see, the Italian Renaissance failed as an era when Italians lost faith in their myth. In the face of invasion and violence, they succumbed to failure, humiliation, and fear, and abandoned the values through which they had accomplished so much.

Professor Bartlett stresses that this is an important object lesson for us. Our world is a mirror to theirs. Could we make the same mistakes they ultimately did? Yes. Can we afford to? No. Today, the stakes are simply too high.

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36 lectures
 |  Average 30 minutes each
  • 1
    The Study of the Italian Renaissance
    This series provides a multifaceted image of Renaissance Italy that explains why that period remains fundamental to Western culture. Lectures on city-states are interspersed with those on philosophy, education, and other cultural elements relevant to Italy in general. x
  • 2
    The Renaissance—Changing Interpretations
    The Renaissance became visible at different times in different places. It was the first self-conscious period of European history, articulated by the Humanist writer, Giovanni Boccaccio, who recognized that a new world was being created. x
  • 3
    Italy—The Cradle of the Renaissance
    The Renaissance developed because of the unique circumstances of the Italian peninsula. Urban life had remained strong, a lay tradition of study and secular values had been sustained, and memories of the Roman Empire were everywhere. x
  • 4
    The Age of Dante—Guelfs and Ghibellines
    The Florentine poet Dante defined the transition from the medieval to the Renaissance. He was born into a period of dispute between papal supporters—the Guelfs—and adherents of the Holy Roman Emperor—the Ghibellines. The Guelf victory in Florence helped set the stage for the Renaissance. x
  • 5
    Petrarch and the Foundations of Humanism
    Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) can be described as the father of Humanism. His love of Latin classics and early Christian thinkers like Augustine drove him to investigate his own motivations and feelings. His desire to know himself recovered the genre of autobiography. x
  • 6
    The Recovery of Antiquity
    For Italians, ancient Rome was their national history. This rich tradition was increasingly regarded as an intellectual heritage to be mined for contemporary use so its wisdom could be applied to the circumstances of 14th-century Italy. x
  • 7
    Florence—The Creation of the Republic
    Florence was the cradle of the Renaissance. By the mid-13th century, huge fortunes were being made by men whose families had emigrated from the countryside. However, these wealthy merchants were largely excluded from government. The result was a bourgeois revolution in 1293, which established a republic founded on guild membership. x
  • 8
    Florence and Civic Humanism
    Florence's now-dominant mercantile classes were attracted to the ideals of ancient Rome. Romans were, after all, like them: urban, cosmopolitan, and secular. This adaptation of classical learning developed into "Civic" Humanism, where the citizen's responsibility to the community became a powerful ethic. x
  • 9
    Florentine Culture and Society
    Florentines believed they could rival the ancients. Public commissions—such as the baptistery doors—were determined by competitions judged by a citizen panel. Private citizens endowed public buildings to celebrate their wealth and values. Florence became an artistic and architectural monument to Humanism. x
  • 10
    Renaissance Education
    As Humanism matured, it became a system of secular education. Teaching correct, Golden Age Latin—and, later, Greek—became central. A Humanist education for boys became important as a way to improve their social status. x
  • 11
    The Medici Hegemony
    The guild republic did not end political tension in Florence. The Ciompi Revolt (1378) drove lesser guildsmen into an unpopular oligarchy with the great merchants. An unsuccessful war against Lucca galvanized the opposition, led by the richest man in Florence, Cosimo de'Medici, who assumed power in 1434. x
  • 12
    The Florence of Lorenzo de’Medici
    Despite the republican constitution of Florence, Lorenzo was, in effect, a Renaissance prince. He supported poets like Poliziano and philosophers like Pico della Mirandola; he discovered Michelangelo and patronized Botticelli. However, there was opposition, led by the Pazzi family, and Pope Sixtus IV. x
  • 13
    Venice—The Most Serene Republic
    Venice was not a Roman foundation and not originally an episcopal see. It also avoided the factional crises of the other Italian states, as the Guelf-Ghibelline struggle did not obtain. Consequently, Venice was stable and homogeneous, divided informally by wealth and occupation. x
  • 14
    Renaissance Venice
    Venice was isolated from Humanist values in the peninsula. Everything changed after 1380, when Venice decided to expand onto the mainland. Venice conquered Vicenza, Verona, and Padua, with its celebrated university, and began to adopt Humanist and Renaissance artistic values. x
  • 15
    The Signori—Renaissance Princes
    The Renaissance's most common political structure was the principality. Princes—in Italian, signori, or lords—received sovereignty from the Holy Roman Emperor or from the pope. Principalities often developed brilliant courts, and the glorification of the ruler became a recurring image in art. x
  • 16
    Tiny Urbino became one of the most celebrated sites of Renaissance culture under Federigo da Montefeltro. A great leader who never lost a battle and—uncharacteristically for a mercenary—never betrayed a client, Federigo was among the greatest patrons of culture in the Italian Renaissance. x
  • 17
    Castiglione and The Book of the Courtier
    In the later Italian Renaissance, the new model was the ideal courtier. Florentines grew interested in Platonic ideas that stressed the soul and the value of knowledge, including the mystical and the power of love. These elements are best exemplified in Baldassare Castiglione and his Book of the Courtier. x
  • 18
    Women in Renaissance Italy
    It has been argued that women did not have a Renaissance. They were largely subject to their fathers until marriage and thereafter to their husbands. Classical learning was seen as superfluous, and possibly dangerous to a female's virtue and reputation. Many women of high birth rose to great heights, but for most life was very difficult. x
  • 19
    Many dialogues of Plato only became available in the late 14th and early 15th centuries. Renaissance Neoplatonism was institutionalized when Cosimo de'Medici commissioned Marsilio Ficino to translate the Platonic corpus into Latin. Ficino gathered around him such luminaries as Lorenzo the Magnificent, and the artists Botticelli and Michelangelo. x
  • 20
    Milan Under the Visconti
    Milan was the model of the despotic monarchy. Through warfare and brutal repression, the Visconti family made Milan the most powerful state in northern Italy. Wealth, combined with the Visconti desire for lasting fame, stimulated the patronage of art and literature. x
  • 21
    Milan Under the Sforza
    Francesco Sforza was a fine ruler who, with Cosimo de'Medici, ensured the stability of the peninsula through the Peace of Lodi and the Italian League. Francesco's son, Lodovico, il Moro; and his bride, Beatrice d'Este, presided over a brilliant court in which Leonardo da Vinci resided. x
  • 22
    The Eternal City—Rome
    Conflict damaged Rome during the 14th century. Violence among the great Roman families resulted in the Babylonian Captivity (1305–1377) during which the Pope abandoned Rome for Avignon. With insufficient funds to maintain the great churches and palaces, the population and number of visitors fell precipitously. The Renaissance, then, came late to Rome. x
  • 23
    The Rebuilding of Rome
    During the Great Schism (1378–1417) there were two and, finally, three competing popes. The return of a united papacy in 1420 required the rehabilitation of the neglected eternal city. Driven by a desire for grandeur, popes looked to ancient models. x
  • 24
    The Renaissance Papacy
    The story of the Renaissance papacy is one of ambition, a desire to increase the grandeur of Rome and the see of St. Peter while still increasing the power of the pope's family. Renaissance popes were most often seen by their neighbors as powerful princes. x
  • 25
    The Crisis—The French Invasion of 1494
    The Italian Renaissance flourished in part because of the protected space of the peninsula. But in 1494, King Charles VIII of France invaded Italy, with the largest army then amassed, to assert his claim to the Kingdom of Naples. The peninsula would never again enjoy unmolested independence. x
  • 26
    Florence in Turmoil
    A casualty of the French invasions was the Medici hegemony. Lorenzo de'Medici's successor, his incompetent eldest son, Piero, yielded to all of the French king's demands. As a result, the Florentines drove him and his family from the city. But a power vacuum ensued that provided an opportunity for the millenarian Dominican monk, Girolamo Savonarola. x
  • 27
    Savonarola and the Republic
    Savonarola's puritanical theocracy banned simple pleasures, like cards and carnival. Bands of boys collected "vanities," parading them through the streets and setting bonfires. Diplomatic and natural disasters, however, alienated moderate Florentines who, in 1498, arrested Savonarola and burned him as a heretic. x
  • 28
    The Medici Restored
    The Medici returned in 1512. Cardinal Giovanni de'Medici took control, but was soon elected pope as Leo X. Thereafter, Florence was governed either by papal representatives or by lesser members of the family, who often were incompetent or insensitive to Florentine traditions. x
  • 29
    The Sack of Rome, 1527
    Italy was often the setting for disputes between the French and the Spanish-Imperial Habsburgs. Led by the Constable of Bourbon, an undisciplined imperial army that included many zealous German protestant soldiers breached Rome's walls on May 6, 1527. About 50,000 inhabitants fled or were killed, making this more brutal than the barbarian incursions of the Roman Empire. x
  • 30
    Niccolò Machiavelli
    Although best known for his political writing, Machiavelli was also a fine dramatist, letter writer, and diplomat. The Prince, written after the return of the Medici in 1512 removed Machiavelli from power, reviews Italy in an uncertain age. Using the ruthless Cesare Borgia as a model, it counsels harsh medicine and strong leadership to protect Italy from the northern "barbarians." x
  • 31
    Alessandro de’Medici
    The Medici Pope Clement VII made the recovery of Florence part of the treaty to end the sack of Rome. Clement sent 19-year-old Alessandro de'Medici, believed to be his son by a Moorish slave, to be duke of the city. After Clement's death, the duke ruled ever more tyrannically and showed signs of madness, especially in the company of his insane cousin, Lorenzo (Lorenzaccio). x
  • 32
    The Monarchy of Cosimo I
    When 19-year-old Cosimo I de'Medici became prince in 1537, many assumed that the architect of his victory, Guicciardini, would be his advisor. But Cosimo dismissed the influential politician, and set out to build a despotic monarchy on the ruins of the republic. The patrician families were offered titles and attached to his court. The Florentines lost their freedom but achieved stability in return. x
  • 33
    Guicciardini and The History of Italy
    Guicciardini was a remarkable, if flawed, genius. His advice was partly responsible for the sack of Rome. However, his monumental The History of Italy became the model for new Humanist historiography. This book has been called the most important work of history between Tacitus and Gibbon. x
  • 34
    The Counter-Reformation
    The Protestant Reformation that started in 1517 had a devastating impact. The Roman Church lost millions of adherents and responded by establishing the Roman Inquisition (1542) and the Index of Prohibited Books (1559). The principles that had stimulated the Renaissance, open debate and original thinking, were overwhelmed by forces that demanded uniformity and obedience. x
  • 35
    The End of the Renaissance in Italy
    Italy was a very different place in 1570 from what it had been in 1470. Particular events illustrate why: the French invasions of 1494; the sack of Rome in 1527; and the closure of free thought and debate by the Church. Moreover, the victory of despotic monarchical regimes in states like Florence ended the competitive, energetic world of the Renaissance. x
  • 36
    Echoes of the Renaissance
    The Italian Renaissance is a monument to human imagination. In some ways, it continued into the last century. Naturalism and proportion remained the foundation of academic art. The influence of antiquity continued in the architecture of public buildings. And the central place of the Greek and Roman classics was sustained in the education of elite groups in every Western nation. x

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Your professor

Kenneth R. Bartlett

About Your Professor

Kenneth R. Bartlett, Ph.D.
University of Toronto
Professor Kenneth R. Bartlett is a Professor of History at the University of Toronto. He received his Ph.D. from the Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of Toronto in 1978. He was the first director of the University of Toronto Art Centre and founding director of the Office of Teaching Advancement at the university, a position he held until 2009. Much of Professor Bartlett’s career has been devoted to bringing...
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Italian Renaissance is rated 4.5 out of 5 by 72.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Welcome to the Renaissance! I traveled to Italy every Spring Break in college and it gave me an appreciation and love of the Italian Renaissance. Naturally, I wanted to know more. This general survey of the history of the Renaissance in Italy is a good course to get one familiar with the social, political, and cultural forces that shaped this momentous event in human history. If you are looking for a course on the great artists of the Renaissance, look elsewhere. Professor Bartlett is an amiable and accomplished professor and he added great depth to the figures and events of this time period. I particularly liked his lectures on Milan and Venice, two city-states that helped to shape the character of the Renaissance just as much as Florence under the Medici’s. If you ever wanted to know more about Renaissance popes, princes, and painters, this course is a good place to start about
Date published: 2018-03-08
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Interesting but Something's Missing This is a very interesting course that I greatly enjoyed. The professor is talented, and he presented a lot of information that I did not know. My one criticism is the notable absence of any in-depth discussion of the great Italian artists of the Renaissance. This is not so much a history of the Renaissance as it is a history of Italy during the Renaissance period. Nevertheless, I enjoyed the course, and feel like I learned a great deal. I recommend it to anyone...just don't expect to hear much about Leonardo or Raphael.
Date published: 2018-03-06
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very Enlightening Prof. Bartlett is wonderful: enjoyable to listen to, deeply committed to his course and passionate about his material. A+ rating.
Date published: 2018-02-01
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Good Not Great Professor Bartlett presents a mostly “Great Man” view of the Italian Renaissance. We are treated to a succession of the Medici, the Sforza, the Visconti and of the Popes (many of whom who came from the aforementioned families—there were times that I thought I was taking a course on the Papacy of the time and not the Renaissance). Not that this is necessarily a bad thing, but for me, I would’ve liked a bit more art, culture and the common man worked in. On the other hand, this can be found in plenty of other places, so perhaps I carp a bit. Dr. Bartlett mentions some topics so briefly he appears to assume that his students have quite a bit of background knowledge, not only of Italy, but also of European history of this era. This is, I think a good thing as he does not have to waste time in a primer lecture and can devote it to the interworks of the Renaissance. The course focuses, as expected on Florence, but the other major centers during the Renaissance are not neglected. Professor Bartlett has a clear passion for Urbino and Federito Montefeltro and really brought that area and person to light in a way I have never considered before. In a less animated fashion he describes Savonarola and his relations with the Medici and Florence vividly. The Sack of Rome is another case where Professor Bartlett displays some personal passion. However for the most part, his delivery style is dry and straightforward. Students need to pay attention, as he uses no professorial tricks to wake one up or to make one pay attention. But that are much riches in his lectures for those who do stay awake and pay attention. He does a wonderful job in tying the leadership of individuals to local economic success (as well as using geography to further make the case). And also the reason for economic decline. For me where he shines brightest is in the last four lectures where we can really see that the shortsightedness of the Church, individual Popes and the overall various Italian leaders were not able to keep up with, nor compete in a changing world. During these lectures it is easy to see that many of his early themes were setups for his conclusions. I do think that a few bets were missed. His view of Renassiance Science is not only cursory, but in some cases faulty (he missed where Copernicus spent most of his time, for example). I don’t mind only a passing nod to Leonardo (plenty of other courses and books for that), but with the amount of time given to Lodovico and his bride Beatrice d’Este, he might have pointed out the brilliant portrait of Beatrice by Leonardo, most especially as it is on the course material cover.
Date published: 2018-01-16
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Never give up Describing the history of the renaissance is like trying to catch a greased's gonna take a lot of effort. In these lectures, Dr Bartlett presents the Italian Renaissance clearly and definitively in well-organized lectures that will take me several tries to absorb...and I look forward to re-listening to those lectures, and following the rise and fall of the Italian Peninsula as it first tries to restore the Roman Republic, but ultimately falls into the Hapsburg-Valois struggles. For those thinking about listening to these lectures, be advised that this definitely is a college level lecture requires paying attention and following all the names of families and individuals. But the lectures are quite significant in understanding the effects of the 're-birth' mostly in Florence, as well as other early Italian city-states, and how it affects the 21st century. There are lessons to be learned that involve the importance of a free society and the preservation of individuality in terms of the way in which we live our lives (morality, honesty and all that stuff). Florence, under the early...and late influence of the Medici Dynasty serves as a stark example of how good intentions can ultimately lead to bad results. Highly recommended, especially now with all those coupons and heavy discounts. There are many of these older, yet basic lectures series that may need revision. Not this one...this one is a timeless bargain.
Date published: 2017-12-22
Rated 3 out of 5 by from More politics than culture This course is schizoid. The lecturer (quite decent in his presentation) starts off the first few lectures with the cultural and philosophical aspects of the Renaissance (Plutarch, Dante etc). But pretty soon he leaves the cultural element behind and spends the majority of the course on the political machinations in the key Italian cities: Florence, Milan, Venice. At some point this becomes confusing (not because of the presentation itself but because the politics was incredibly complex) -- a bit too much detail about who's against whom. I assumed that what made the Renaissance one of the great period of Western history was the incredible flowering of art, literature, philosophy etc. Devoting only one-quarter of the course to this is somewhat of a disappointment.
Date published: 2017-10-30
Rated 4 out of 5 by from OK but biased This course like most kind of tiptoes through about 200years of Italian History..If one doesn't know the names Medici, Szorfa, or Visconti, one may get lost in the abundance of information in a short period of time..I had read several books on the Italian Renaissance so I could keep up with his presentation. I did get some good new info like books written at that time that reflects renaissance thinking and life Two things did bother me is the presenter's idea's about the Borgia's regime He clearly disliked that family and their methods . And no mention of the big scourge on society at that time ,,,syphilis
Date published: 2017-07-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Provides Excellent Political Background Professor Bartlett's "Italian Renaissance" is to be appreciated as complementary to courses on the visual arts of the Renaissance: it exposes the political ferment from which those arts emerged - proving yet again that creativity finds expression despite social turmoil. I found the lecture on education particularly enlightening. Having read several books devoted to the Medici family, my only problem was the description of events in the Pazzi Conspiracy (Lecture 12). Lorenzo and Giuliano de'Medici were not sitting in pews in the Cathedral when the attack occurred in April 1478 . Pews were being introduced into churches beginning in the middle of the 15th century, but C. Hibbert in 'The House of Medici', describes the scene in the Duomo as, "There were no chairs in the nave and the large congregation moved about freely." (p.137) Giuliano and his assassins were standing "at the northern side of the choir, close to the door that leads out into the Via de' Servi. Lorenzo was standing in the ambulatory on the other side of the High Altar..." (ibid.). Moreover, neither Hibbert, nor M.J.Unger in his 'Magnifico', refers to Giulliano's having what Professor Bartlett calls "a head cold": Giuliano was persuaded to attend the service despite the fact that "his leg was still troubling him" (Hibbert, p.137); "...he had hurt his leg in an accident", and "As well as his injured leg he was now suffering from 'an inflammation of the eyes'." (Ibid. p.135) In conclusion, it was a pleasure to have a lecturer who did not constantly sway from left to right, or prowl restlessly from end to end of the rug (as many tend to do, with a distracting, dizzying effect). Also, contrary to a derogatory remark by another reviewer, I thought Professor Bartlett's ties were strikingly attractive!
Date published: 2017-06-01
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Chaotic Unfortunately, this course will not give you a great understanding of the Italian Renaissance. The primary reason is that it is not presented with a coherent timeline. It is nearly impossible to understand history without a timeline. Also, there are only fleeting references to the Borgias, although they are important both historically and in the lecturer's narrative. A saving grace was the excellent discussion of Machiavelli.
Date published: 2017-04-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of the best courses by one of the best instruc I wish Professor Bartlett would do more courses. I find his erudite lectures to be some of the most engaging of all the great courses. The material of this course is well laid out and presented. The course is perfect for both a novice of the Renaissance or another professor. It is comprehensive without feeling tedious. Professor Bartlett’s really does a great job of drawing you into the period. The characters and period feel alive and the ending, of both the Renaissance and the lectures, bring on a sense of loss and sadness. I only wish this series was longer and even more in-depth. I would love an expanded series that really has a chance to delve deeper into each personality and city. Even better would be a collaborative series with Bartlett and Cook.
Date published: 2017-04-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Phenomenal! I will be listening to this again soon My family has been slowly making its way through Professor Barlett's other course, "The Guide to Essential Italy", for about the past two months in preparation for an upcoming trip to Italy, and have been very impressed. About two weeks ago, to complement what I've learned in his other course, I started making my way through this course, and, just like his travel course, I've been blown away, perhaps most of all with his ability to pack a ton of material into each 30 minute segment! Well, a few hours ago, I finally finished the last lecture (which was probably the best in the series), and was motivated to write this review. Professor Bartlett takes the listener on a journey from the end of medieval era/beginning of the early Renaissance (discussing figures like Dante and Petrarch) to the rise, flourishing, and then eventual disintegration of that wonderful movement that was the Renaissance. He walks the listener through how the Renaissance began, discusses its defining characteristics, introduces a number of historical events and personalities, and discusses why this movement ultimately petered. In addition to paint a broad picture of Renaissance Italy--many of the broad strokes with which I was already familiar--what I most appreciated about this course (and what I had but a scant appreciation of before) was Professor Bartlett's focus on the unique characteristics of the five major players in Italy during the Renaissance (i.e., Milan, Florence, the Kingdom of Naples, and the Papal States), focusing on each territory's specific challenges and contributions to the broader Renaissance movement, and highlighting many of the similarities and differences between each of these important regions. In doing so, I gained a more nuanced understanding not only of the Renaissance in general, but about its particular manifestation in various regions throughout Italy. I will definitely be going through this course again in the future, probably listening to some of the individual episodes at night in the hotel during our family trip this summer. It is a pleasure to give this 5 stars. Bravo Professor Bartlett!
Date published: 2017-03-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Rate a Standing 'O' I think other reviewers have critiqued this course thoroughly. I can only add that I found it to be an informative and profoundly emotional experience. I remember only one course back in college when, as the professor concluded his last lecture, the student body rose as one and gave him a standing ovation. This course is like that. An excellent balance of high level themes and human details, this professor engages us with large ideas and the always entertaining minutia (significant minutia) of specific people's lives, His demeanor is serious but with an underlying wit that occasionally made me chuckle out loud..There's nothing more gratifying than learning from a teacher who adores his subject, which is clearly the case here. This course is inspirational.
Date published: 2016-09-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent introduction I loved this course. Although it is not as flashy as some of the newer courses it held my attention throughout. I originally thought it would be a display of a series of works of art but it turned out to be the history of the period in Italy narrated by the instructor. If this sounds dull, it is anything but.. The professor's voice and style was exceptionally pleasant. I hated have the course end. I recommend this course highly.
Date published: 2016-09-29
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Excellent Course-just needs more visuals for DVD I enjoyed this course - the Professor is very good. His speaking style is actually somewhat eloquent. I thought the lecture on the sack of Rome was startlingly direct and really had an impact on me. I also thought the lecture on Machevelli was excellent.. This course is a few years (about 10 actually, I think) old. It would work very well in the audio version. The speaker is not particularly animated - not a lot of gestures and he does not leave the podium. That, and the fact that the DVD version suffers from a lack of visuals, tended to make me glaze over at times. But it is certainly a worthwhile course.
Date published: 2016-03-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Another Great from Professor Bartlett Prior to hearing this course, I have heard two more courses given by Professor Bartlett on Italy of roughly this period: Italians before Italy and The guide to Essential Italy. ITALIANS discusses the primarily the narrative political histories of many of the important Italian city states and principalities of that era; each with its own peculiar evolution and foreign policies. Large portions of the course are also devoted to the narratives of the significant cultural transformations that were taking place. The latter is in the format of an organized tour (in video format), and shows the many fantastic and important sites of Italy – a large number, if not the majority, are from the Renaissance period, though naturally, sites from the ancient Roman period also take a central position. This course complements the other two very nicely. The first third of the course is dedicated to the rise of the Renaissance (until lecture 12). Though it does present a narrative picture of what happened, the focus is definitely much more analytical, and the narrative is used primarily for context. Many different aspects are analyzed. The contribution of the important early Renaissance poets Petrarch and Bocachio, with their fascination with the Roman classical literature and humanistic concepts is analyzed. Many other lectures are dedicated to Florence which was the Epicenter from which the Renaissance "exploded", but again the perspective is analytical focusing on the particular economical, political, and cultural aspects that sent Florence on a path of evolution so different than the other city states. Still the narrative of the rise of Cosimo the first and Lorenzo the Magnificent is told at some length… The second part of the course describes the other important city states in the era of the Renaissance – Rome, Venice and Milan. The final part discusses the end of the Renaissance with foreign powers coming to dominate the Italian peninsula and destroying the special cultural micro-climate that enabled the Renaissance to flourish. The second and third parts of the course are more narrative than analytical in nature – certainly compared to the first part. Important late Renaissance thinkers, most notably Nicollo Machiavelli are given a lot of consideration. Professor Bartlett is an outstanding lecturer brimming with profound insights and very entertaining. The course focuses on one of the most colorful, dynamic and constructive eras in modern history. I utterly enjoyed the course and highly recommend hearing it.
Date published: 2015-10-19
Rated 5 out of 5 by from A Tapestry of City Lives Most history revolves around Kings and Countries, the Italian Renaissance is a bit more intimate revolving around merchants, bankers and writers and the cities they controlled. It is this smaller but often more intense history that drives this fascinating course and its teacher. You can tell he cares passionately about his subject and even 500 years later is quite offended by the Sack of Rome and the misrule of the City, Florence, by Alessandro de'Medici. In this tale of rebirth, everyone is morally Black or White and even those of indeterminate goodness are more a checkerboard of competing moralities rather than a bland grey. I loved this passion and approach as it made the era come alive, but it could be a negative depending on your perspective. Excluding the solid intro and exit lectures, almost all the other lectures revolve around one or more characters, usually princes of a sort or writers. While many ideas are presented, they are not abstract but rather personified by the man we are studying. Backing up the biographical sketches and at times taking center stage are the great cities of Italy. Like the ancient Greek city-states, these municipalities all have their own character and fascinating history. The great city, Florence, has the most extensive history as befits the home of the Magnificent de'Medici. I dare you to tell Lorenzo that his city took up too much of the course. Venice, Milan, Urbino and Rome also receive solid treatment. This is probably not a good starting point for those embarking on the gondola of history for the first time, but if you have a bit of a background in European history and an interest in the subject, this is an amazing excursion with an interesting and knowledgeable guide. Oh buy the bye, for a separate fee this gentleman also takes a tour of Medieval Europe that is worth the time and florins.
Date published: 2015-08-14
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great coverage of the Renaissance I watched Dr Bartlett's course "Italians before Italy" before going to Italy in 2009. Now retired, we are going back for 6 weeks. I used this course for an in-depth review of the Renaissance and many of the cities I will visit. Definitely a great course with great content. In addition I watched Steven Tuck's Pompeii course and Stephen Ressler's Greek and Roman Technology course. All of these are outstanding. Without these courses, my visit to Italy would be a much poorer version of what I expect now.
Date published: 2014-02-09
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of best courses ever I have just finished listening to this course The Italian Renaissance – I listened to some lectures twice. I thought it was one of the most interesting and best-taught courses I have ever enjoyed from The Teaching Company. History is my favorite subject, and I greatly enjoyed the basic approach to the history of this fascinating subject. I wish I could have taken courses from this professor when I was in college – and had almost no interest in history. I learned so many new and important things! I think he is a superb teacher with a profound understanding of this subject. My favorite lectures were: Neoplatonism. Urbino. Venice (both lectures). Florence – The Creation of the Republic. Guicciardini and The History of Italy. There was only one thing I missed: Lectures on the lives of great Italian Renaissance artists – perhaps 6 to 8 of them – including Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Brunelleschi, Donatello, etc. – whoever you would like. You may say these are available in another course from TTC, but I would still like to hear his version.
Date published: 2013-09-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Superb! In this series of lectures, Professor Kenneth Bartlett presents a thorough review of the Italian Renaissance, not only in Florence and Rome but also in other Italian cities such as Milan, Venice and Urbino. He focuses on political and military history but does deal as well with many artistic, economic and social aspects. Extremely knowledgeable and well organized, Professor Bartlett displays an exceptional talent at making complex issues appear simple. Never has the Pazzi conspiracy or the sack of Rome been better explained to me! He also presents many analytical elements, describing for instance the impact of Hundred Years War on Florentine banking or the reasons for the post-Renaissance decline of Italy. His presentation of Machiavelli is luminous and, in a single lecture, reaches way beyond the excellent Teach12 course on the topic. Consequently, these lectures are highly recommended to all, particularly those who appreciate Italy and its culture and who plan to visit shortly.
Date published: 2013-06-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from The dignity of man... Simply, the course is excellent. The lectures are presented in an elegant way, yet with a cool intellectual passion & discipline. The course companion guide includes an extensive list of references and additional reading. Of special value are “Questions to consider” added to the outline of each lecture in the guide, leading to a deeper understanding of human condition in the harsh reality of contemporary world. Cicero must be still smiling over this course – it is a perfect example that Historia vero testis temporum, lux veritatis, vita memoriae, magistra vitae (est).
Date published: 2013-04-16
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Recommended, w/ reservations This Canadian prof has some really weird language affectations. He pronounces some words very strangely, and after hours of listening, it gets to you. He says "also" almost using a "z" sound; and alzo says renaissance and peninsula oddly. The historic content of the lectures is great, but I can't get past the weird lecturer. I'll not purchase other lectures from him.
Date published: 2013-03-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great details about Italian history I am getting ready for a Mediterranean trip and used this summer to train my mind and body for it as I walked and listened to Professor Bartlett. I really enjoyed the detailed lectures and it has made me even more excited to see the places such as Florence and Venice that he took such time to cover in detail. This course is well worth your money and time.
Date published: 2012-09-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Four big and one small DVD review. Wow. This course is impressive. I've seen and reviewed many TTC Renaissance-related courses. Leonardo, Michelangelo, Machiavelli. Most presented the detailed biographies of geniuses. But no genius lives in a vacuum. Art on that scale costs a fortune, given the tiny size of most Italian cities between 1300 and 1550. The princes and merchant families who commissioned these objects were grindingly practical. Surely this sudden interest in art served other social needs than a simple quest for beauty. What were they? And why did it suddenly end? Dr. Kenneth Bartlett's THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE tries to answer these questions by examining the political, economic and social evolution of four key cities — Florence, Venice, Milan, Rome — along with the small-yet-influential principality of Urbino. Do not expect detailed battle accounts or salacious bedroom acrobatics. His approach is primarily institutional. Do you need this course to understand Renaissance art on purely aesthetic grounds? Probably not. But if you are curious about "why", this is the place to find out. Bartlett is an excellent lecturer, although teens might find him dry and verbose. His reliance on academic jargon is minimal. He also offers many photos and maps, so audio-only formats definitely make this course hard going unless you know Italy very well. At some point, he mentions Kenneth Clark's beautiful series: CIVILISATION. If you have access to it on DVD, check out "Man the Measure of all Things" and "The Hero as Artist" (Parts 4 and 5). They are great visual resources for this course. One final note. While he examines briefly the works of Dante and Petrarch, Bartlett only refers to the careers of painters and architects in passing. This is NOT an art appreciation course. It is instead an analysis of the social "infrastructure" that commissioned the art. Not the same thing. Strongly recommended.
Date published: 2012-08-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Fascinating, enjoyable, full of details... This is my favorite History course from the Teaching Company! An absolutely fascinating, enjoyable, and highly detailed description of a time still important to us today. This course fills in the details of what happened and why it happened, in particular, why it happened in the towns of Northern Italy. Dr. Bartlett is a great lecturer who makes this material come to life, and to give it meaning for us today. It is so enjoyable to learn how and why the Renaissance affected many of the towns of Italy. The idea that we humans could do anything, freeing us from our earlier myths, allowed for enormous advances in thinking, business, government, and art.
Date published: 2012-04-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from So THAT'S what the Italian Renaissance was! I finished this course (on audio) several weeks ago. Many of the details are beginning to fade, as might be expected--it covers about 300 eventful years in 36 fact- and character-filled lectures. Having never been exposed to any real history of those centuries, I found almost everything in this course to be new to me, and what wasn't new was at least different, with fascinating subtexts that illuminated the life of the times, at least among the ruling classes. (Lucrezia Borgia ends up being characterized as {paraphrasing} "probably a nice Italian girl who just happened to come from a bad family.") I was amazed at how much this history reminded me of current events. So much so that I have found it useful to include as reference material in my political commentary. Professor Bartlett's presentation was straight down the middle of the fairway. He has the course organized in an interesting and understandable way. He presents his information in the context of the times, and when it's appropriate, he connects new facts and characters with those he presented earlier. As the years pass from 1300 to 1600, the histories of the city-states on the small peninsula of Italy are intertwined. Prof. Bartlett does an admirable job telling us about those connections; 36 lectures probably only scratch the surface of the Italian Renaissance. "Course value" is a relative measurement. Value to whom? In my case, I felt I received a lot of value because, as I mentioned above, almost all of it was new to me and it was presented exceedingly well. It was certainly interesting. I wouldn't hesitate to buy another of Prof. Bartlett's lectures.
Date published: 2012-03-11
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of the Truly Great Courses "Kenneth Bartlett's course on the Italian Renaissance is the reason the Great Courses lectures earns the "Great" in their title. Professor Bartlett's presentation skills are first-rate and the level at which the course was pitched was perfect--just what one would expect of college course at a first-rate university. I have been motivated to read more on a number of the various individuals who were part of the Renaissance. I am going to Italy next year and I will get much more out the trip having heard these lectures as well as those in his companion course, The Italians Before Italy. This set of lectures is one of the best that I have heard in the Great Courses series. My hat is off to Professor Bartlett."
Date published: 2011-10-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Deep, eye-opening look at the Renaissance This is a very comprehensive treatment of the meaning of the Renaissance, the ideas behind it (e..g, from the rise of secular humanism in the 14th century), and how the Renaissance unfolded in political and military terms in Italy. That's what is promised and that's what is delivered. (This is not a history of Renaissance art, which is mentioned in passing). I think that many readers may get a tad discouraged as they take the first 4 lectures, which describe the changing ideas of the Renaissance from the historian's point of view, and which go into some detail on the philosophical developments in Europe which enabled the Renaissance. Stay with it; this material is important and the course then turns into very engaging and penetrating lectures on so many aspects of the Renaissance, delivered in largely chronological order. Most people interested in history know the big picture; this course provides the big picture and lots of extremely interesting detail about the social attitudes, major personalities, forms of government, politics, and battles. I loved the discussions, for example, of: - Florence and how it formed and lost its Republican form of government; - the unique role of Urbino; - the role of Milan and its Dukes; - the roller-coaster fall, rise, fall, and rise again of Rome; - the literal depravity and insanity of some of the Dukes of Milan and the later Medici who became princes of Florence; and - the details about the sack of Rome in 1527, which is horrifying -- literally much worse than the sack by the Goths in 410 AD. This is a deep and satisfying course.
Date published: 2011-09-18
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent course for the history of the Renaissanc Dr. Bartlett has shared his vast knowledge in a way that is interesting for both the novice and the more experienced students of this fascinating period in all of our histories.. our world still reflects the influences of that time everywhere from the Catholic Churches that are in every town to influences of our own government. Dr. Bartlett's presentation is like a fireside chat while he shares information that I have not found in any of the many books I have read on the subject. I do want to stress that this is NOT an art course, so don't expect that.. I feel that my world has been enriched by this series and would definitely recommend it to anyone interested in how we got to be who we are today. Claudia , Florida
Date published: 2011-08-26
Rated 5 out of 5 by from POWERFUL, MOVING LECTURES This review refers to CD's. TGC inventory is full of informative and fascinating material presented, with very few exceptions, by skilled and interesting lecturers. Of all the sets I've acquired from TGC, I have never heard a lecturer with more passion in his voice about his subject than Dr Bartlett. His recounting if the challenges and times of Florence, for example took me back to my time in that city. His capture of the culture, the political tensions, the beauty of the architecture in many Italian cities of that time made them actualized and immediate. The Popes, struggles of the Catholic Church, and ruling families are described in terms of real and understandable people, good and bad, making decisions. These themes receive more attention than a pure art voyage through this period of history, although ample credit is given to the contributions of the famous artists associated with the Renaissance. What we have here is a sweeping, broad overview of the Renaissance presented in understandable terms by a superb lecturer. Listening to the CD's, to me, was an outstanding experience as well as a learning opportunity. It is highly recommended to everyone.
Date published: 2011-06-04
Rated 4 out of 5 by from A Partial Look at Renaissance Italy This is a worthwhile but by no means comprehensive survey of Renaissance Italy. As is appropriate for this topic, the focus is on elite culture. We learn a lot about philosophical and literary trends, as well as the political and military history of the principal Italian states. Oddly, given that Bartlett emphasizes that he is a Burkhardtian, we hear nothing at all about art and architecture, and very little about popular culture. Bartlett is particularly good at providing character sketches of the sometimes very colorful popes, princes, aristocrats, and thinkers who populate his narrative. I was struck by his evident personal disgust for some of the more distasteful events and personages he describes, notably the 1527 Sack of Rome, the moronic Piero de Medici, and the depraved Alessandro de Medici and his psychopathic sidekick Lorenzaccio. Bartlett is a very good lecturer, although extremely stiff and formal. Overall, his speaking style is fluid, though it broke down a bit during the final lecturers, when he occasionally stammered and lost his place. After nearly 36 lectures, I'd get tired too.
Date published: 2011-04-22
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