Redefining Reality: The Intellectual Implications of Modern Science

Course No. 4140
Professor Steven Gimbel, Ph.D.
Gettysburg College
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Course No. 4140
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What Will You Learn?

  • numbers Understand how the concept of relativity came to be, and how it has changed over time.
  • numbers Learn how psychology and sociology have had a major impact in defining reality.
  • numbers Discover what the future of reality might hold with the advent of virtual reality.

Course Overview

No subject is bigger than reality itself, and nothing is more challenging to understand, since what counts as reality is undergoing continual revision and has been for centuries. For example, the matter that comprises all stars, planets, and living things turns out to be just a fraction of what actually exists. Moreover, we think that we control our actions, but data gathering systems can predict, with astonishing accuracy, when we will get up in the morning, what items we will buy, and even whom we will marry.

The quest to pin down what's real and what's illusory is both philosophical and scientific. At its core, it is nothing less than the metaphysical search for ultimate reality that goes back to the ancient Greeks. And for the last 400 years, this search has been increasingly guided by scientists, who create theories and test them in order to define reality and then redefine it as new theories replace old.

In physics, biology, psychology, economics, and many other fields, defining reality is a task that needs frequent updates. Consider these once solid facts that were later thrown into doubt:

  • Space and time: Nothing is more real to us than our experience of space and time, which is why one of the greatest revolutions in human thought is Einstein's discovery that these two seemingly stable features of the universe are surprisingly fluid in ways that defy common sense.
  • Matter: It seems obvious that matter down to the smallest scale should have measurable properties: it's either here or there, it's spinning this way or that. But quantum mechanics shows that subatomic particles are in many places and states at the same time - until you measure them.
  • Mathematics: What could be more ironclad than the truths of mathematics? Yet in the 1930s, Kurt Godel showed that the field was built on shifting sands - that no set of axioms designed to serve as the foundation of mathematics could be both self-consistent and complete.
  • Life-giving sun: Plants need sunlight; animals eat plants or other animals; therefore all life on Earth ultimately depends on the sun. This seemed indisputable, until scientists discovered colonies of life in the dark ocean depths, feeding on mineral-rich hot fluids from volcanic vents.

When faced with reversals such as these, it's tempting to give up and conclude that nothing will ever be certain. But there's a more rewarding way to look at it, which is that every successful new theory is an improvement on its predecessor, drawing the net ever more tightly around reality, whose form is gradually coming into focus.

Redefining Reality: The Intellectual Implications of Modern Science gives you the thrill of this exciting quest in 36 wide-ranging lectures that touch on many aspects of the ceaseless search for reality, both scientific and philosophical. From the birth of the universe to brain science, award-winning Professor of Philosophy Steven Gimbel of Gettysburg College shows that separating the real from the illusory is an exhilarating intellectual adventure.

And since dealing with reality is an experience we all share, this course is designed for people of all backgrounds. No prior training in science or philosophy is assumed. Furthermore, the richness of Professor Gimbel's presentation assures that even those who have studied this problem in depth will find new connections and unexpected insights. Dr. Gimbel's thoroughness makes Redefining Reality an unrivaled introduction to key themes in the history of science and philosophy.

The How and Why of Reality

You begin with the contrasting views of two of the most influential philosophers who ever lived: Plato and Aristotle. According to Plato, reality resides in an abstract world of forms that can only be perceived by the mind; while for Aristotle, reality is right here in this world. It was this elevation of the material realm by Aristotle that launched what we think of as science.

Science was part of philosophy until the 16th and 17th centuries. The turning point came with Isaac Newton's laws of motion and principle of universal gravitation, which showed that the world is governed by natural laws. Newton's supremely successful mathematical theory established science as a separate mode of inquiry and provided a model for the ambitions of all future scientists. Henceforth, science was devoted to explaining how the world works. Speculation about why it works the way it does remained the province of philosophy.

A striking case of when a philosophical subject suddenly became scientific occurred in 1965, with the discovery of the fossil radio signal from the big bang, the moment when the universe can be said to have begun. Before this discovery, the notion of a beginning to time was largely theological. After, it was a scientific problem that could be quantified and explored in detail. In Redefining Reality, you examine scores of similar examples of reality in transition, including these:

  • Ghost in a machine: Traditionally, doctors saw the human body as a closed system inhabited by a soul - a "ghost in a machine." The discovery of disease-causing microbes led to a new paradigm: the body as a fortress under attack. Today there's a revised view: microbes are considered crucial to human life.
  • Economics: Newton's success in physics inspired the field of economics. But attempts to predict the complexities of production, consumption, and trade defied exact mathematical analysis. Recent theories have revised our view of economic reality by factoring in the human tendency for irrational economic choices.
  • Artificial intelligence: Can machines think? One current view is that a machine capable of human-like responses to questions would indeed have a mind. But philosopher John Searle's famous "Chinese Room" thought experiment suggests that the imitation of outward behavior is not enough to constitute a mind.
  • Free will: One outcome of today's revolution in big data is that computers can now predict what individuals will do in many situations, including who is likely to commit a crime. These techniques challenge the age-old belief that we have free will - that our actions are the result of deliberate personal choices.

The Art of Reality

Scientists and philosophers are not alone in grappling at an intellectual level with reality. Some of the most accessible interpretations are by painters, novelists, filmmakers, and other artists, whose works not only draw on the latest discoveries but also sometimes inspire them. Professor Gimbel includes examples in practically every lecture, such as the following:

  • Alice in Wonderland: Written by mathematician Charles Dodgson (whose pen name was Lewis Carroll), Alice's adventures can be read as an investigation of the paradoxical worlds that are possible when logic is set loose. Wonderland represents the death of the rationalist project.
  • Pointillism, cubism, and surrealism: These new modes of representation in the visual arts arose concurrently with the triumph of the atomic theory of matter and the radical new picture of reality offered by relativity and quantum mechanics.
  • Reality TV: The legacy of Darwin and his successors pervades one of modern media's most popular genres: reality television. From Survivor to Top Chef, these unscripted shows illustrate such Darwinian ideas as survival of the fittest and creative adaptation.
  • Hybrids and chimeras: Ancient myths spanning many cultures depict winged horses, minotaurs, mermaids, griffins, and other impossible crosses between different creatures. These stories prefigure today's real hybrids produced by genetic engineering.

A distinguished teacher, scholar, and author, Professor Gimbel has a gift for giving clear and concise explanations of concepts that can be notoriously difficult, such as special and general relativity, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Godel's incompleteness theorem, chaos theory, and string theory. He also has a detective's instincts for connecting the dots, marshaling evidence to spotlight historical trends. One trend that you will learn about in Redefining Reality is the gradual redefinition of humans, for we have developed the power to alter our own reality in major ways - to defeat diseases, compensate for disabilities, enhance our mental well-being, and augment our intellect with computers. Where is that trend going? Take this fascinating course to find out.

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36 lectures
 |  Average 30 minutes each
  • 1
    Metaphysics and the Nature of Science
    Start with the metaphysical concept of reality and how it led to a scientific worldview. Then see how the scientific picture of reality changes as theories are refined or overthrown. Explore examples such as the germ theory of disease and philosopher Thomas Kuhn's influential idea of paradigm shifts. x
  • 2
    Defining Reality
    Take a step back to define reality as understood by the ancient Greeks. Then work your way forward through revolutionary ideas about reality proposed by Plato, Aristotle, Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, and finally Newton, who inspired the Age of Enlightenment. Close with the Romantic backlash of the 19th century. x
  • 3
    Mathematics in Crisis
    The most secure science, mathematics, hit the rocks of uncertainty in the 19th and 20th centuries. Trace the shocking discoveries of non-Euclidean geometries, Cantor's paradoxes of infinite sets, and the incompleteness theorem of Kurt Godel. See how Alice in Wonderland sheds intriguing light on this new view of reality. x
  • 4
    Special Relativity
    Until 1905, physical reality consisted of absolute space, absolute time, and the luminiferous aether. Learn how Einstein's special theory of relativity overthrew this deeply ingrained view and heralded an entirely new conception of reality. Examine how cultural figures such as Kurt Vonnegut drew on this legacy. x
  • 5
    General Relativity
    Relativity was incomplete until Einstein formulated a general theory of relativity that incorporated gravity. See how this breakthrough demolished the age-old idea of gravity as a force, replacing it with the concept of warped spacetime, leading to strange predictions such as black holes. x
  • 6
    Big Bang Cosmology
    Investigate the underlying reality that governs the universe. Is the universe eternally the same? Or is it changing and unstable? In modern times, this debate culminated in the contest between the steady state theory and the big bang model. Hear how unexpected events led to a spectacular solution. x
  • 7
    The Reality of Atoms
    Atoms are the bedrock of ordinary matter, but a century ago many scientists were very reluctant to accept their existence, despite growing evidence that chemical elements come in countable units. Investigate the backstory of the atomic hypothesis, and witness its triumph and the complications that ensued. x
  • 8
    Quantum Mechanics
    Delve into the paradoxical subject of quantum mechanics, which was pioneered by scientists probing atomic structure in the early 20th century. Learn about Max Planck, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, and Erwin Schrodinger. Focus on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the strange behavior of the Schrodinger wave function. x
  • 9
    Quantum Field Theory
    See how quantum field theory led to a stunning synthesis called the standard model of particle physics, which was confirmed by the 2012 discovery of the Higgs boson. Study the startling implications of this theory for our understanding of reality. Close by examining its impact on the visual arts. x
  • 10
    Chaos Theory
    Traditional attempts to understand the world assumed that it was regular, simple, periodic, and predictable. But nature surprised scientists, giving them a richer picture of reality through chaos theory, which includes fractal structures. Learn how chaos is not randomness but a previously unimagined complexity within the universe. x
  • 11
    Dark Matter and Dark Energy
    What happens when the accepted picture of reality is dramatically overthrown? Watch this happen in the late 20th century, when scientists suddenly discovered two completely unexpected phenomena: dark matter and dark energy, which together dwarf the contribution of ordinary matter to the cosmos. x
  • 12
    Grand Unified Theories
    Since its earliest days, science has been on a mission to unite disparate phenomena under the umbrella of more comprehensive theories. Follow the search for a grand unified theory (GUT) that unifies the workings of quantum forces, and a theory of everything (TOE) that quantizes gravity. One current TOE candidate is string theory. x
  • 13
    Quantum Consciousness
    Can physics explain consciousness? Start with Descartes, who held the dualistic view that the mind and body are separate, and see how materialists countered that brain processes produce the mind. Then discover what physics has to say about free will, and probe the famous thought experiment involving Schrodinger's cat. x
  • 14
    Defining Reality in the Life Sciences
    Study one of the most complete transformations of reality in history: the new picture of life that emerged from the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. Close by tracing their influence on William Golding's Lord of the Flies and on television reality shows. x
  • 15
    Genes and Identity
    The mechanism that drives evolution was not discovered until long after Darwin's death. Follow the clues that led researchers first to the cell nucleus, then to chromosomes and genes, and finally to the DNA molecule as the agent of heredity. Close by weighing the role of genetics in determining human identity. x
  • 16
    The Birth of Psychology
    The quest to understand human behavior inspired researchers to study the mind. Investigate the theories of Sigmund Freud, who gave the world a new vocabulary, including concepts like ego, id, and superego. Learn how Freud's legacy has been especially enduring in the horror film genre. x
  • 17
    Jung and the Behaviorists
    Trace the different directions psychology took before World War II. Carl Jung extended Freud's ideas to encompass a universal collective unconscious. Meanwhile, the behaviorists rejected the mind to focus on observable behavior, an approach that had profound influence on advertising and public relations. x
  • 18
    The Rediscovery of the Mind
    The Holocaust raised troubling questions about the mind and its relation to authority. Examine three landmark experiments that tested the limits of human autonomy and came to shocking conclusions: Solomon Asch's group think study, Stanley Milgram's obedience study, and Philip Zimbardo's Stanford prison study. x
  • 19
    The Caring Brain
    Freudian psychology sees mothers as the wellspring of neuroses. Contrast this view with Harry Harlow's groundbreaking studies of maternal caregiving and Carol Gilligan's theory of differing moral development in females and males. Close with a powerful precursor to Gilligan's ideas: Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein. x
  • 20
    Brain and Self
    What makes us distinctly human? Analyze the contributions of genetics, environmental factors, and social interaction to our effective functioning as members of the species. See how CT, MRI, and PET imaging technologies provide windows into brain structure and activity. x
  • 21
    Evolutionary Psychology
    If the human brain is the result of evolutionary processes, then many shared psychological traits must have adaptive advantages. Explore this intriguing view, known as evolutionary psychology. See how it can be illustrated by a simple logic problem, which perplexes most people until they tap into their innate skill for detecting cheaters. x
  • 22
    The Birth of Sociology
    Culture imprints itself on our brains through the process of socialization. Investigate the insights that sociology provides - from the 19th-century founder of the discipline, Auguste Comte, to Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, and Emile Durkheim, who suggested that crime has an unappreciated positive role in society. x
  • 23
    Competition and Cooperation
    In the early 20th century, one of the most popular words in book titles was crisis," reflecting a widespread anxiety about a rapidly changing world. Study contrasting assessments of the stability of society from sociologists Max Weber, Pyotr Kropotkin, and Ferdinand Tonnies, as well as the influential analysis by industrialist Andrew Carnegie." x
  • 24
    Race and Reality
    What differences between groups are real, and what differences are as arbitrary as a political boundary? Address this question regarding race, which less than a century ago was considered firmly rooted in biological reality. Trace the evidence that led this view to be conclusively overthrown. x
  • 25
    Social Progress
    Continue your investigation of social reality by looking at the concept of progress. Social optimists and pessimists alike believe that society is progressing, but they see different causes. Evaluate their theories, and explore the idea that Western culture is doomed to collapse under its own weight. x
  • 26
    The Reality of Money
    For all of its abstractness, money is a powerfully real phenomenon. Delve into the intricate events that unfold as money, goods, and services are exchanged in the economy. Examine how the ideas of John Maynard Keynes and the results of modern psychological research challenge the two primary assumptions of classical economic theory. x
  • 27
    The Origin of Life
    Apply the reality-analyzing tools you've learned in the course to the problem of life. Consider the close connection between life and sunlight. Then look at the startling exception to this rule: the fauna that flourish around volcanic vents in the dark ocean depths. What does this tell us about life's origins? x
  • 28
    Exoplanets and Extraterrestrial Life
    Fiction writers have led the way in exploring the prospects of life beyond Earth. See how scientists are catching up, looking for extraterrestrial organisms using a variety of ingenious techniques. Learn how they are narrowing the search and which tantalizing clues have already turned up. x
  • 29
    Technology and Death
    Reality for the individual ends at death. But medical technology is making that endpoint increasingly hard to define. Consider what it means to die and the complications that would ensue if we developed brain transplants or found the secret of immortality. x
  • 30
    Cloning and Identity
    Modern technology has transformed procreation, birth, and parenting. Given the different donor and surrogate options, it's perfectly possible to have a child with five biologically contributing parents. What are the implications of this revolution, especially if human cloning becomes the next new option? x
  • 31
    Genetic Engineering
    Explore the history of genetic engineering, which has roots in the imaginary hybrid creatures of ancient myth. Learn how real hybrids can be made by splicing genes for desired traits into the genome of an organism. Then discover how this brave new technology is being used. x
  • 32
    Medically Enhanced Humans
    With the availability of cosmetic surgery, psychoactive chemicals, performance enhancing drugs, and other treatments, people are now free to redefine themselves in order to overcome their limitations. Probe a trend that is rapidly transforming what it means to be human. x
  • 33
    Transhumans: Making Living Gods
    Prosthetics, eyeglasses, and other aids were once seen as less-than-ideal substitutes for normal human abilities. But now technology can enhance us well beyond what's considered normal. Examine the superhuman traits currently available and those on the drawing board. Has the era of the cyborg arrived? x
  • 34
    Artificial Intelligence
    Trace the evolution of artificial intelligence (AI) from simple calculating machines to computers that can vanquish chess masters. Learn the distinction between weak AI, such as a chess-playing machine, and strong AI, which is a machine that has a truly human-like mind. Question whether strong AI is even possible. x
  • 35
    The Internet and Virtual Reality
    For all of their ubiquity, personal computers, email, and the Internet represent a major departure in the evolution of computer technology. Witness the exciting and improbable birth of personal computing in the 1970s, and explore the nature of the virtual world where more and more people now reside. x
  • 36
    Data Analytics
    Today's networked culture is a dream come true for researchers in fields from marketing to sociology to epidemiology. Learn how big data puts potentially everyone and everything under the microscope of analysis, creating a comprehensive view of the intricate reality in which we are all mere atoms. x

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Your professor

Steven Gimbel

About Your Professor

Steven Gimbel, Ph.D.
Gettysburg College
Professor Steven Gimbel holds the Edwin T. Johnson and Cynthia Shearer Johnson Distinguished Teaching Chair in the Humanities at Gettysburg College in Pennsylvania, where he also serves as Chair of the Philosophy Department. He received his bachelor's degree in Physics and Philosophy from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, and his doctoral degree in Philosophy from the Johns Hopkins University, where he wrote his...
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Redefining Reality: The Intellectual Implications of Modern Science is rated 4.6 out of 5 by 74.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Outstanding scholar I have purchased several lectures and find all of them very informative and fun to listed to. It is no exaggeration when I say, getting involved in the Great Courses is one of the best educational investment I have ever made. I want to single out the lectures by Professor Gimbel to be my most favorite of all. Professor Gimbel's ability to tie in the different elements of a topic into one understandable concept is astonishing. I have listened to his lectures over and over and I learn something new each time. What a great a scholar he is.
Date published: 2019-02-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Perfection -learned something new or got a new perspective in every lecture -covers a large range of topics from various scientific fields -instructor in an extremely gifted presenter -I want to watch all the lectures again! -he presents material from the perspective of each person he is talking about which adds a great historical perspective -the material in this course could be called "A History of Science"... tons of great historical context -if this course is not in your library then you are missing one of the greatest ones
Date published: 2018-10-05
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Unparalleled analysis of the evolution of science. Currently on lesson 23, and thoroughly impressed with the excellent work Professor Gimbel has done in laying out, from an intellectual perspective, the mostly non-linear and somewhat counterintuitive path that science has taken in defining the reality of our universe - from classical times to the present. As a direct result of viewing this course thus far, I have a much better understanding of concepts I knew already. I am quite certain that the rest of the course will prove just as impressive.
Date published: 2018-09-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Fascinating presentation - Lots of Info I'm on my second listening to this excellent course. He traces the history of our understanding of reality from every scientific discipline. Very informative and entertaining. He also has a good sense of humor and sprinkles in a joke or pun every once and a while. He shows the beauty and limitations of the scientific method and the problem of getting too wedded to a particular paradigm. He also shows how these paradigms tend toward wholistic views. Then he usually relates these the new paradigm to a movie or a movement in the field of the arts.
Date published: 2018-09-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Education as it should be A wonderful ride. This is a subject of wide breadth and there is a risk of a professor working in his/her personal opinions while getting too far beyond what can be supported by underlying data. Not so here. I purchased this with some trepidation as I have a pretty deep background in many of these subjects and am generally saddened by instructors whose own understanding of such things as general relativity & quantum mechanics makes them unknowning pipes of miss-education. Steven Gimbel in contrast, passed all my acid tests and has gone to great lengths to present the philosophical impacts clearly and without working an agenda. This provides the audience with a stimulating experience presented in a warm style that encourages one's own further reflection on the subjects. I really cannot speak too highly of this course-set. You know you are in for a good time when early on Gimbel correctly is able to link Keanu Reaves to René Descartes. He stole my rant on that. I strongly recommend.
Date published: 2018-04-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from History In Context Professor Gimbel gives a concise, yet replete, account of the history of scientific advancements and how they changed humanity's understanding of ourselves, our world, our universe, and our society. He is very easy to follow and builds upon the ideas he presents is a logical way. He makes it easy to see how one discovery led to others. The course covers the most important discoveries in physics, chemistry, biology, sociology, and more. I've made historical and scientific connections that I had not thought of nor understood before.
Date published: 2018-02-10
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Not as Philosophical As I Expected This idea sounds good: how have the discoveries of science changed our very thinking about what we call "the real world"? This course is moderately long--about average for Great Courses, with 36 lectures on 6 discs: 18 hours of lecture. But it covers so many different fields that it ends up spending a lot more time just trying to describe the discoveries and theories in various fields, and I felt it fell down in explaining how they have actually changed our thinking about reality. Further: occasionally he even goes beyond well-established science and into what is more into the speculative, which may or may not stand the test of time. Someone else said it might be appropriate for an undergraduate college student who never intends to take another "hard science" course. I'd go a bit further and say it might be appropriate for someone at the Associates Degree level, who knows little to nothing about modern scientific thought and would like a broad overview covering a lot of fields. If you are looking at critical thinking about the influence of modern science on epistemology, metaphysics or the philosophy of science, I think you are apt to be disappointed. On the other hand, it covers such a wide range of subjects that, if you got it at a great sale price, some listeners may find two or three lectures they're interested in listening to simply because they've never heard that field presented in any formal way, and it is not necessary to go through this course sequentially to pick up something of interest in a particular area. I'm going to say I wouldn't recommend the course, but these caveats do apply: for some listeners at a very introductory level, part or all of it may be of interest.
Date published: 2018-01-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very well done. As a former science teacher and current philosophy/religion lecturer I found this information invaluable. The influence on the arts was also insightful. I've listened to it twice.
Date published: 2018-01-18
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Good survey course Touches somewhat lightly on some of the subjects, but that's to be expected given the nature of the subject.
Date published: 2017-10-26
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Informative and understandable Prof Gimbel does a masterful job in dissecting, connecting and explaining topics that are usually obscure and unaccessible. If you thirst for knowledge that is beyond simple explanation, and want to understand the mindset that propel these theories to the forefront of science, this is the course. I highly recommend this truly enjoyable course
Date published: 2017-08-07
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Redefining reality of modern science After taking the Theory of Everything course, this course offered a social science perspective of new developments both in science and technology for which we are dealing with now and in the future. Not having a background in psychology but only in the physical sciences I was wondering If l would find this course worthwhile. I can say that I did. The professor was well organized and had a smooth delivery probaby because of the many audio format courses. For Dvd formats additional visual aids would be a benefit for those of us who learn better using our eyes. For me the best thing about the course was the leadup into the history of the development modern psychology and sociology followed by an evaluation into new technology's potential impact on human systems.
Date published: 2017-07-17
Rated 4 out of 5 by from History rather than philosophy The title of this course may lead one to think it is a philosophical discussion on how humankind's concept of reality has changed as modern science has progressed over recent years (from 1900 on). However this is not the case. There is some discussion of the "redefinition of reality" however most of the lectures are a historical survey of the new sciences since around 1900. This lecture course is not that different from Prof. Steven Goldman's "Science in the 20th Century: A Social-Intellectual Survey". Both are equally good. I think this course is a bit more up-to-date than Prof. Goldman's. In general, it is a pretty good overview of the development of modern science, but don't expect too much discussion of the philosophical aspects of how the advancement in science has impacted our concept of reality.
Date published: 2017-05-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Interesting and entertaining I usually buy history CD's from The Great Courses and have only done a few in science and philosophy, so I was worried this course might be difficult for me. The professor was interesting and I found his lectures easy to understand. It was helpful to me from a historical perspective as well, understanding how ideas from science have shape popular values and understandings.
Date published: 2017-05-16
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very I sightful Good course. The professor is very knowledgeable and speaks well. Shows a common thread running through our method of umdetstanding the subject matter of all the sciences
Date published: 2017-04-30
Rated 4 out of 5 by from I bought this course to get an overview of religious thinking. It accomplished this task. The imprecise jargon of theologians and philosophers was a barrier to lay understanding. I did feel that the presenter should have maintained more impartiality rather than adding personal comments when he came to the sections on modern atheists and the possibility of rationally justifying religion in general.
Date published: 2017-03-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from An excellent integration of different strands Unlike some others who have reviewed this course, I wholeheartedly endorse Prof. Gimble's approach. He moves through time and among various disciplines to demonstrate the structure of how we come to terms with what we define as "real." It isn't a grand unified theory, as some allege, but a coherent and illuminating investigation of premises and conclusions as they move through the development of systems. Well worth the time.
Date published: 2017-01-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Where Science Meets Philosophy This course is truly an inspirational journey to the frontier of modern science; A place where the scientific method is, by itself, insufficient to explain the discoveries being made throughout the range of the cosmological-quantum scale. No, science must be infused with a philosophical perspective to not only provide a rational explanation but to determine how to proceed ... to develop the "next steps" in scientific investigation. This is truly an exceptional course in all respects; From the well-organized content that flows seamlessly from topic to topic, to the informative -- even entertaining -- presentation of complex ideas in non-technical language that even the non-scientist (and, for that matter, the non-philosopher) can understand and learn. Professor Steven Gimbel's lecturing style is as close to perfection as this "old-guy" has ever experienced. In every respect, from his clear speaking voice to his cadence to his effective use of humor and vernacular to explain complex ideas, Professor Gimbel excels. I purchased this new course because I was intrigued by the course outline (which exceeds my expectations), but the "icing on the cake" is the presentation of the course material by Professor Gimbel. Thank you, The Teaching Company, and thank you, Professor Gimbel, for a most delightul experience. Glenn Aro Auburn, California
Date published: 2016-11-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Essential for Humans; Useful for Cyborgs My first review of this course was rejected, and I'm not sure why. It was the best review I have ever written, and I don't think this second one will compare to it. And I was so shattered by getting rejected that I don't know if I have it in me to continue writing. But I'll try, so here is goes: This is a very good course about how the sciences, including the physical, biological, social, and mathematical ones, have caused us human beings to rethink what we call real. The basic organizing principle is that scientific thought has progressed from particulars to relationships between particulars to fields in which particulars are mere modes. At least that's what I understood. Lots of examples from physics to math to sociology. I was worried that I wouldn't understand all of the science, but Steve Gimbel explained it in such a way that even someone like me could grasp it. I barely have self-awareness, so that should tell you something about Steve Gimbel's skills as a teacher. There are lots of cultural references (to film, art, and literature) that help clarify what Steve was saying. Steve also tells some jokes that are okay. I bet he could be funnier if he wanted to, but the Great Courses probably told him to stick to the script. We're not paying you to tell jokes, Steve. That's probably what they said. I watched the video, but I think the audio probably would be okay, too. In the video, the "classroom" seems a bit strange to me. There is a bookcase with a plant on the bottom shelf. How is it supposed to get enough light down there? I wouldn't have been distracted by that had I only listened to the audio. One other thing: I watched these episodes in 30 minutes or one-hour increments. You don't have to watch this series (18 hours) all the way through in one sitting in order to understand it. I also bought Steve's course on formal logic. I might watch that soon because I liked this one so much.
Date published: 2016-11-22
Rated 3 out of 5 by from More Metaphysics, Please I viewed this lecture series via The Great Courses Signature Collection on Amazon, a wonderful service! One expects "The Great Courses" to feature the acme of academics, but Prof. Gimbel stands out even in this illustrious company for the remarkable clarity of his presentation of complex and diverse subject matter. For pedagogy, five stars. The first and second episodes of the series, “Metaphysics and the Nature of Science” and “Defining Reality,” were outstanding. (I *am* prejudiced, as my focus when studying philosophy in college was metaphysics.) I especially enjoyed Prof. Gimbel’s exposition of the dynamic role of scientific knowledge in informing humanity’s conception of reality. For history, five stars. As Prof. Gimbel notes in episode three, “Mathematics in Crisis,” coming into the late 19th century and moving into the 20th, things start to go awry with the “certainty” of knowledge that had obtained for millennia. Ironically, this is the exact point at which pedagogy is undermined by epistemological issues. Prof. Gimbel certainly addresses the physical and social sciences with great aplomb. I feel, however, that there needed to be more of an overarching structure to the course to provide greater insight into how these diverse disciplines interact to "redefine" our concept of reality.
Date published: 2016-11-12
Date published: 2016-11-02
Rated 1 out of 5 by from wish I knew The course sounded interesting. Unfortunately, I purchased the audio download and the app is so unstable, the recordings kept freezing, skipping and generally being unlistenable. So, the scores above relate to delivery, not the content, which I never heard at any length. (The web page required that scores be entered!)
Date published: 2016-10-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from catalogs I like the product but Great Courses sends far too many catalogs.
Date published: 2016-10-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent discussion A well organized series of significant topics reviewed in a thoughtful and cogent fashion.
Date published: 2016-10-18
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of the best courses ever I have purchased probably 25 - 30 courses from The Teaching Company, this is easily one of the top 3, if not the best I've ever listened to. Professor Gimbel has an excellent presentation style, just the right level of humor, excellent historical background and research on the different topics covered. The only downside to the course are the lectures where Dr. Gimbel reviews the social sciences, but that's just because I much prefer physics, cosmology and chemistry to psychology, etc. That being said, even those lectures were very informative. The only word of caution I would offer to someone buying the course is that for the first two lectures or so, Dr. Gimbel comes across more like he's speaking to a high school science class than the level you would expect from The Teaching Company; but that may just be his way of "warming up" his audience. Regardless, this is a phenomenally good course and I would highly recommend it to anyone.
Date published: 2016-09-20
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Owesome course I took the "Redefining Reality: The Intellectual Implications of Modern Science" class.... as I love science and the links to philosophy and understanding the reality around us. The class is awesome and the professor can explain the most complex scientific concepts in layman terms that can be understood by all.... highly recommended
Date published: 2016-08-19
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent lecturer! I've only completed 1/3 of the course, but feel compelled to say that I could listen to Dr. Gimbel talk until he couldn't talk anymore. While I don't think he really redefines reality, he certainly explains what we know about it at different times in history. I was already familiar with much of what he says, but he certainly says it in a very interesting way. Now on to lecture 13. GREAT JOB!!
Date published: 2016-08-16
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Super Brain Workout for Oldsters I anticipated this so much I ordered it twice due to short term memory loss Thanks for my full refund on the second one
Date published: 2016-07-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Astonishingly wide-ranging tour Professor Gimbel is listed as an expert in philosophy, but the truth is that he can explain almost all the concepts in hard science better than most scientists. There are many "general" round-ups of thinking in science, but Gimbel goes one step better -- in each case, he gives a cogent summary of the topic under consideration, and then he zeroes in on the cutting edge debates, and explains them really well. It's really extraordinary that one person can know so much about so many different fields---you have to know your subject very well to be able to explain it simply. This is a great course, and one of several from the Great Courses series that I have listened to with pleasure and then gone back to the beginning to listen to again. I also agree with other comments about his voice -- it is a rather odd voice, high-pitched and dynamic (I imagine he sings tenor in the university choir) but is also charming and infectiously enthusiastic
Date published: 2016-06-22
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Our collective knowledge of reality has evolved I am enjoying this history of our understanding of reality. By combining the different approaches of various disciplines, the subject is illuminated. Bonus: the lecturer has a nice voice.
Date published: 2016-06-07
Rated 5 out of 5 by from One of the best Great Courses I'm a journalist who writes about the Big Picture of philosophy (God Reconsidered: Searching for Truth in the Battle Between Atheism and Religion, for example) and I have covered many of the issues Gimbel discusses. This is probably the most thought-provoking course I've ever listened to among the hundreds over many years from Teaching Co. Worth relistening several times.
Date published: 2016-05-26
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