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The Skeptic's Guide to American History

The Skeptic's Guide to American History

Professor Mark A. Stoler, Ph.D.
The University of Vermont

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The Skeptic's Guide to American History

Course No. 8588
Professor Mark A. Stoler, Ph.D.
The University of Vermont
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4.6 out of 5
115 Reviews
90% of reviewers would recommend this series
Course No. 8588
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  • You should buy audio if you would enjoy the convenience of experiencing this course while driving, exercising, etc. While the video does contain visual elements, the professor presents the material in an engaging and clear manner, so the visuals are not necessary to understand the concepts. Additionally, the audio audience may refer to the accompanying course guidebook for names, works, and examples that are cited throughout the course.
  • You should buy video if you prefer learning visually and wish to take advantage of the visual elements featured in this course. The video version is well illustrated with more than 1,100 visuals to enhance your experience, including maps, helpful on-screen text, and historical illustrations and photographs of key figures and events in American history.
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Course Overview

For most Americans, the history of the United States is built on a set of long-accepted beliefs about events, each of which resonates in the nation's collective memory. But what if those beliefs—however familiar—don't really tell the whole story? Our knowledge of history—or what we believe to be history—is the lens through which we view and interpret the world. And when that lens is distorted with misleading information, it has powerful effects on how we perceive the present and how we make decisions in the future, from choosing whom to vote for to interpreting the latest developments in today's news and opinion pieces.

To take a skeptical approach to American history is not to dabble in imaginative conspiracy theories or doubt the essence of the American experiment; rather, it's to reframe your understanding of this great nation's past and actually strengthen your appreciation for what makes American history such a fascinating chapter in the larger story of Western civilization.

Sorting through misconceptions, myths, and half-truths about America's past is also a chance to revisit some of the country's greatest episodes, figures, and themes from a fresh perspective and an opportunity to hone the way you think about and interpret the past, the present, and even the future.

In The Skeptic's Guide to American History, you can do just that. This bold 24-lecture course examines many commonly held myths and half-truths about American history and prompts you to think about what really happened in the nation's past—as opposed to what many believe happened.

Delivered by award-winning scholar and Professor Mark A. Stoler of The University of Vermont, these lectures demonstrate how reconsidering some of the most popular notions of U.S. history can yield new (and sometimes startlingly different) interpretations of political, social, economic, and military events. But more than just debunking commonly accepted accounts, you'll be able to replace these misconceptions with insightful truths.

See the Evolution of History

History, no matter how objectively it may be pursued, is still a profoundly subjective discipline and most emphatically not a science. History is also evolutionary, with every generation reinterpreting the past in light of its own problems, perceptions, and experiences.

Oft-repeated beliefs addressed in The Skeptic's Guide to American History include, to name only a few, these ideas:

  • The colonies rose up in united determination to defeat Great Britain and win independence.
  • The Civil War was fought over slavery and the Union's commitment to racial equality.
  • A policy of laissez-faire helped create the economic juggernaut that propelled America to world dominance.
  • Today's convergence of religion and politics represents a dramatic departure from the separation of church and state put in place by the Founding Fathers.

Exploring both the events of America's history and the verdicts that have been rendered about some of its most enduring figures—including George Washington, John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Woodrow Wilson, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, George C. Marshall, Lyndon Johnson, and many more—The Skeptic's Guide to American History examines a wide-ranging list of questions, including these:

  • What impact did other nations have on the American Revolution?
  • Has George Washington always been revered as president? Why or why not?
  • What about America's other presidents? Which ones may have been underrated, and which overrated?
  • In what ways were the responses to the Great Depression by presidents Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt actually quite similar, and why have their subsequent reputations nonetheless differed so sharply?
  • Do we now understand the true blunders in America's Vietnam policies and tactics?
  • How did the use of historical analogies affect cold war policymakers? Was the cold war inevitable?

Rethink the Meaning of History

In addition to rethinking not just the facts of U.S. history, but also their meaning, Professor Stoler offers fresh insight into history itself as well as how historians think and work. He presents a realistic picture of what the craft of history is and the most important things one can get out of its study.

The Skeptic's Guide to American History is also extremely revealing about how misperceptions of events at the time they happened—including how prior beliefs and perspectives caused those misperceptions—can be exacerbated over the years and obscure future understanding.

For example, you learn how the obvious success of an early 19th-century effort to make George Washington the personification of a national identity for America has come at a price. For it has not only obscured the knowledge of his failings essential to a well-rounded understanding of the man, but also of many of his successes—some of which may be his most important contributions to American history.

Few Americans, for example, are familiar with what is known as the Newburgh Conspiracy, a politically motivated plot during the winter of 1782–1783 that might well have developed into a real coup, with anti-Washington elements in the army enlisted as catalysts. Professor Stoler takes you into the extraordinary meeting called by Washington when he learned of the plot, offering a portrait of leadership under pressure more revealing than any story of a cherry tree and hatchet ever could be.

Get a Fresh Perspective on Powerful Episodes

The above insights are but some of the many that make this course such an intriguing look into an American "history"so many of us take for granted, with eye-opening explorations of key themes and episodes, including these:

  • The ironic role played by the "cult of domesticity,"in which the moral battle by religious women on behalf of temperance also led to the birth of the reform movement that would ultimately give women the right to vote.
  • Why the Battle of Gettysburg—which at the time was not perceived as pivotal by either side—came to be seen as the "turning point"of the war, including the role played by Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in unintentionally elevating the battle in history's vision beyond the far more important Union victories at Antietam, Vicksburg, and Atlanta.
  • The origins of America's established war mythology, including the ideas that the United States does not start wars, but only responds to attacks, and that history reveals a pattern of America consistently "winning the war but losing the peace.”

Working in the same crystal-clear style that has earned him so many teaching awards—including The University of Vermont's George V. Kidder Outstanding Faculty Award and the Kroepsch-Maurice Excellence in Teaching Award—Professor Stoler takes you on a challenging but intellectually invigorating journey through American history.

The Skeptic's Guide to American History is a journey that allows you to rethink not just the facts of U.S. history, but also their meaning. Just as important, Professor Stoler makes that process a delightful intellectual experience.

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24 lectures
 |  30 minutes each
  • 1
    Religious Toleration in Colonial America?
    Learn the key elements of a broadened approach to the study of history with this fast-moving examination of the origins of religious and racial tolerance in America. Grasp how the assumptions you’ve long held can differ dramatically from historical reality. x
  • 2
    Neither American nor Revolutionary?
    Continue this new approach to understanding history with a look at efforts of the colonists to defend their “rights as Englishmen” and the ironic role played by European tyrannies in helping establish the nation that would forever change the definition of liberty. x
  • 3
    The Constitution Did Not Create a Democracy
    Gain a nuanced understanding of what the Founders’ “original intent” really was and how so many of the questions they grappled with divided them for their entire lives—ultimately being bequeathed to their successors and persisting even to this day. x
  • 4
    Washington—Failures and Real Accomplishments
    Set aside the hagiography that helped shape George Washington’s image and undertake a balanced examination that measures his military and presidential failings against his numerous successes. See how some of the least known of those successes may have been his most important contributions to American history. x
  • 5
    Confusions about Jefferson and Hamilton
    Jefferson and Hamilton held sharply differing views on policy and constitutional interpretation. Learn how their conflict—often thought of in terms of our contemporary understanding of liberalism and conservatism—is actually relevant to us in very different ways from those we imagine. x
  • 6
    Andrew Jackson—An Odd Symbol of Democracy
    Andrew Jackson’s election ushered in an era marked by much democratic reform. Ironically, as you’ll learn, the man who would be seen as the symbol of such reform actually opposed much of it and championed many policies that few today would call democratic. x
  • 7
    The Second Great Awakening—Enduring Impacts
    Grasp how the links between religion and politics that today inspire such powerful positive and negative emotions are nothing new. See how issues born out of the 19th-century’s evangelical upheaval—from prison reform to women’s suffrage—still engage us today. x
  • 8
    Did Slavery Really Cause the Civil War?
    By analyzing this question and the different answers posed by generations of historians, you begin to understand “historiography”—the study of the writing of history—and take a key step in your understanding of history itself. x
  • 9
    The Civil War’s Actual Turning Points
    Discover how perceptions of Gettysburg as the Civil War’s “turning point” are inaccurate. Here, examine three battles that were arguably more important and gain new insights into what determines—in any war—how meaningful a battle really was. x
  • 10
    The Myth of Laissez-Faire
    The great age of post–Civil War industrialization and the enormous levels of national and personal wealth it generated (for some) have often been attributed to a governmental attitude of “hands-off” toward business. Discover that such an attitude did not exist in the United States and that, in fact, it never had. x
  • 11
    Misconceptions about the Original Populists
    Is a reference to someone as a “populist” praise or criticism? Does it have any reference to where a person stands on the political spectrum? This lecture analyzes the nation’s original populist movement and what links—if any—it has to contemporary namesakes. x
  • 12
    Labor in America—A Strange History
    Although often seen as a dramatic reversal of historical government support for labor, today’s efforts to scale back collective bargaining rights are actually a reassertion of policy with a long precedent. Learn that the pro-union policies of the New Deal represent the real break with the past. x
  • 13
    Myths about American Isolation and Empire
    Was the United States ever as isolationist and opposed to imperialism as is commonly believed? Explore the myth and reality surrounding our historical self-image and learn how America’s expansionist history might appear from the perspectives of other nations. x
  • 14
    Early Progressives Were Not Liberals
    Many liberals see the roots of their philosophy in progressivism, but this is misleading. Learn how progressivism also included many ideas—such as eugenics, limits on free speech, and restrictions on immigration—that would have outraged modern liberals. x
  • 15
    Woodrow Wilson and the Rating of Presidents
    How, exactly, should past presidents be judged? A provocative examination of Woodrow Wilson’s presidency—judged a great success by some and a profound failure by others—provides an opportunity to explore the broader issues of presidential ratings in general. x
  • 16
    The Roaring Twenties Reconsidered
    Were the 1920s really a return to isolationism and the values of the late 19th century? Uncover a decade far more complex than is generally believed, as you learn how much of the change begun during the progressive era continued—in many ways setting the stage for contemporary America. x
  • 17
    Hoover and the Great Depression Revisited
    Herbert Hoover came to the White House regarded as both a skilled manager and great humanitarian, yet left the presidency perceived as just the opposite. Gain an understanding of how this could happen through a detailed examination of both his forgotten accomplishments and his often misunderstood failures. x
  • 18
    What Did Roosevelt’s New Deal Really Do?
    FDR was simultaneously one of the most beloved and most hated of U.S. presidents. Explore what the New Deal attempted and accomplished—as well as its intended and unintended consequences—as you grasp its role in creating the economic and political systems of today’s America. x
  • 19
    World War II Misconceptions and Myths
    Is our understanding of “the Good War” correct? Grasp how our reliance on a national mythology makes for not only inaccurate history but a misconceived future because of the long-term effects that myths about the war have had on American policy since 1945. x
  • 20
    Was the Cold War Inevitable?
    Professor Stoler holds that the cold war was not necessarily destined to happen. In this lecture, he leads you in an analysis of why it took place and lasted so long, with examination along the way of several additional myths regarding this long and dangerous Soviet-American conflict. x
  • 21
    The Real Blunders of the Vietnam War
    Why did America fail in Vietnam? Was it flawed military strategy? Political micromanagement? America’s domestic antiwar movement? You not only learn the answer to this fundamental question, but you also gain a more nuanced understanding of why the debate has raged to this day. x
  • 22
    Myths about American Wars
    Vietnam is far from America’s only misunderstood war. This lecture delves into the common myths and misunderstandings shared by many Americans about why the nation’s wars have been fought and how the results have been judged. x
  • 23
    Who Matters in American History?
    Who in history do we choose to remember, and why? Take in the extraordinary accomplishments of several Americans—including John Adams, John Quincy Adams, and George C. Marshall—whose achievements and influence may well have exceeded those of many of the great figures more vividly remembered. x
  • 24
    History Did Not Begin with Us
    Conclude the course with an appreciation that history did not begin with the events of our own lifetime. Explore the antecedents of the civil rights, antiwar, and women’s rights movements and the tendency to pronounce any era’s major technological advances as the most important in history x

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Your professor

Mark A. Stoler

About Your Professor

Mark A. Stoler, Ph.D.
The University of Vermont
Dr. Mark Stoler, who holds a Ph.D. in History from the University of Wisconsin, is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Vermont. An expert in U.S. foreign relations and military history, as well as the origins of the cold war, Professor Stoler has also held teaching positions at the United States Military Academy, the Army Military History Institute, the Naval War College, and-as a Fulbright Professor-the...
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Reviews

The Skeptic's Guide to American History is rated 4.6 out of 5 by 115.
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Question everything... For those of you out there looking for a no holds barred glimpse of certain aspects of American history, these lectures might be for you...might, I say, since one should be skeptical of sweeping statements such as this. My background in science has taught me that a person should tackle all questions by examining all the available data...leaving all preconceived 'notions' in their proper place. This is the approach taken by Dr Stoler as he examines common notions about commonly believed causes and effects...and our collective perceptions of them...that comprise US history. From the commonly held belief that this nation was founded on religious freedom and tolerance, to the myth of laissez-faire government, Slavery and the Civil War, presidential rankings (who were the good guys...who were the dunces),the World Wars, Vietnam, the Cold War...and more. The good Dr, in his well-organized and clearly-presented roughly chronological lectures points to the data...the real facts...recorded at the times of their occurrence, rather than reconstructed or even revised 'facts' added by later historians, politicians or even your neighborhood gossip. He contends: "...human beings create history on the basis not of reality but their perceptions of reality, perceptions that are often FAR removed from what actually occurred. But what actually occurred is visible only with the hindsight that the study of history provides." (I thank applewood3's review for capturing that quote). History, therefore is capable of perpetrating myths on the under-educated, allowing them to make history what they want it to be, rather than what is was (is). I very much recommend this course for those with a pretty good background of US history and a desire to learn more... Sale and coupon, as always, applies.
Date published: 2017-10-05
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Easy listening and very intriguing! I love finding out the other side of history. I have come to realize that my elementary and high school education of American history is VERY lacking and one sided. This course allows me to look at US History from other perspectives. Especially cool is how it relates to today's current events.
Date published: 2017-09-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from You Just Think You Know Your History You just think you know your history, but prepare to appreciate a more accurate and nuanced view of it through learning the context in which the events happened. No more fawning over the Founders or others, rather a fair and reasoned respect when earned. Essential to anyone who wants to learn more about American history.
Date published: 2017-08-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from A Refreshing View of American History This is an advanced deep dive into various topics of American History presented in more or less chronological order. It is challenging and will make you think and re-think some basic notions of who we are as Americans. For me, the best part was the emphasis on the study of history itself using concrete examples from the American past. I listened to the course on several long walks and more than once stood outside my doorstep listening until the conclusion of a lecture.
Date published: 2017-08-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from The Skeptic's Guide to American History As someone who has always been interested and intrigued by American history, I have been slightly annoyed by the "ra-ra" versions that simply don't give an accurate accounting of our truly amazing story. An America with warts is far more amazing when we get to hear about the parts that get glossed over. I don't mean events like the Civil War, but I do mean things like how unpopular the Revolution was and how precarious an outcome the surrender at Yorktown was. Dr. Stoler's history has made the story of our country far more interesting to me and I am sure it will do the same for many others.
Date published: 2017-07-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Interesting and Informative I liked this course - listened to it while driving to work every day. For the most part it really held my interest and offered some information that really isn't necessarily events that are widely known. The instructor obviously spent some time putting this together to be sure that no time was wasted. I felt it was not biased, really not so much skeptical as factual - and downplaying to so-called facts about US history we all thought we knew.
Date published: 2017-07-22
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Fresh Perspectives on Familiar Topics Dr. Stoler combines concise reviews of basic facts with new insights into American history themes and eras. His lecture on Woodrow Wilson was particularly interesting to me because it examined aspects and consequences of Wilson's actions I had not before considered. Dr. Stoler gave attention to such personalities as Samuel Gompers of the American Federation of Labor who usually get little or no attention in history texts. The lecture on whether slavery caused the Civil War confirmed slavery's prominence as a cause while also discussing other factors that are not usually addressed. The lecture on FDR and the New Deal showed the strengths and limitations of the man and his programs. The course serves both as a fine review of American history and an inviting and fresh take on events and personalities that shaped the nation's history and direction.
Date published: 2017-06-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from LEARN U.S. HISTORY BEFORE YOU WATCH THIS COURSE This is not really a course for someone who is not already more or less familiar with the history of the great country. Were somebody without prior knowledge to watch Professor Stoler’s course they would not be able to absorb much more than the 60-70% which I think I was able to digest. Stoler’s programme is ambitious. At first sight one could think that he aims to debunk various myths contained in the popular, mainstream, historical narrative. In reality, I don’t think he rejects the standard account but rather finesses it and nuances it. One wonders whether the reason he is so successful in this task is because the standard account which he posits is really a simplistic straw-man, an oversimplified caricature by assumption—I felt a little bit like that during the lecture in which he debunks the notion that laissez-faire prevailed in relation to the management of the US economy. I never thought that, at least contemporary, economists, really mean by laissez-faire a Hobbesian state of nature in the context of which it is the case that homo homini lupus. Even so, these caricatures may be Stoler’s didactic trick for taking us on an exploration of the true meaning of the historical events he focuses on. Anyway , prospective buyers of the course must bear in mind that Stoler seldom devotes time generously to describe in detail the standard narrative—what he does, he does very briskly; in essence he takes the standard account as read. Most of the lecture is devoted to providing the counterpoint to the standard account, his finessing and nuancing thereof. In addition, Stoler offers his thoughts on the philosophy and sociology of historiography here and there. Stoler is a first-class teacher, an enticing orator (his very infrequent stuttering is surely fainter than Demosthenes’s!) and generally an imposing presence—quite a bit of a nestor (amazingly he does make a couple of references to the history of ancient Greece!). His contribution is to gather together, organize and present to us all these points of skepticism in a course which still captures and radiates to us the continuity of history rather than appearing as a collection of obiter dicta. Visuals were also plentiful and quite useful. He is generally successful in simplifying and presenting loud and clear the rather complicated story of why the standard account is flawed.But there were also points where his message was overly subtle, e.g., I failed to acquire anything beyond a foggy understanding of how the centre of weight in the analysis of the causes of the tragedy of the civil war has shifted over the decades. I also found it difficult to understand the explanations Stoler gave relating to economic history—in particular monetary history. I felt that was a bit unnerving because I work as an economist having trained up to PhD level in a university which was, and remains, quite high-up on an international ranking. So it is likely that here Stoler’s analysis is either cavalier and rushed or requiring too much from the audience. Lectures 19-21 seemed to me to be superb and to sound really savvy and to compare very favourably with Allit’s corresponding lectures in the Great Course “History of the US 2nd edition. I am saying “seemed to me” because the particular impression the lectures made on me may stem from the fact that to follow these lectures one didn’t really need prior knowledge of American history since the lectures dealt with quite recent events which have been exhaustively analyzed in the press—and yet Prof. Stoler’s lectures seemed not only quite authoritative but also very fresh!
Date published: 2017-05-18
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